Friday, February 19, 2016

DELUGE: Widespread Flooding And Infrastructure Collapse In Argentina - Flooding Emergency Declared In 6 Key Farming Provinces!

The resolution, announced in the government's morning gazette, covers the provinces of Cordoba, Santa Fe, Entre Rios, Chaco, La Rioja and Corrientes.
Argentina's top grains producing province of Buenos Aires was not included in the emergency, but floods

February 19, 2016 - ARGENTINA - Six of Argentina's main farm provinces were declared flood emergency areas by the government on Friday, making special credit lines and tax breaks available to affected growers in the soy and corn exporting powerhouse.

The resolution, announced in the government's morning gazette, covers the provinces of Cordoba, Santa Fe, Entre Rios, Chaco, La Rioja and Corrientes.

Argentina's top grains producing province of Buenos Aires was not included in the emergency, but floods were reported there as well.

This year's El Niño weather pattern, which causes global climate extremes, has worsened floods in some parts of South America, including Argentina. In other areas, such as Colombia, it has brought drought.

Argentina is the world's top supplier of soymeal livestock feed, third biggest supplier of raw soybeans and No. 4 corn exporter.

Fruit growers and cattle ranchers were also covered by the emergency resolution.

Meteorologist Anthony Deane of consultancy Weather Wise Argentina said key grains production areas in southeast Cordoba, southern Santa Fe and northwest Buenos Aires are suffering from too much ground moisture to outright flooding.

"The question is how much rain is going to keep falling," Deane said. "I expect 100 to 130 millimeters (3.94 inches to 5.12 inches) to fall over the next ten days in these three areas, which is more than what has been the normal rate over the last five years. So the situation is going to get worse
before it gets better." - Yahoo.






ANIMAL BEHAVIOR: Migratory Patterns And Disaster Precursors - 15-Foot Basking Shark Found Dead In Skelmorlie, Scotland?!

Dead 15ft basking shark washes up in Scotland.
© Largs Coastguard Recue Team

February 19, 2016 - SCOTLAND - Pictures have been released of a dead 15ft (5m) basking shark which washed up at Skelmorlie, North Ayrshire.

The Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) said the fish, which weighed "a few tonnes" was found near the A78 Shore Road.

North Ayrshire Council was notified along with Largs Coastguard Rescue Team which photographed the shark.

Basking sharks can be up to 40ft long and are the largest fish found in British waters.

They are the second largest fish in the world, after the whale shark, according to the Shark Trust charity.

An MCA spokeswoman said: "This was reported to us by a member of the public in the evening of 23 January. The shark was dead when it washed up. It was 15ft long and weighed a few tonnes.

"North Ayrshire Council was contacted and we sent Largs Coastguard Rescue Team to confirm it. All relevant agencies were informed." - BBC.







ICE AGE NOW: Global Cooling Continues Relentlessly - 60 PERCENT Of Lake Erie Freezes Over In Just Two Days! [VIDEOS]

Lake Erie. © National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

February 19, 2016 - LAKE ERIE, CANADA - The weekend cold snap in parts of Central and Eastern Canada was so extreme, nearly 60 per cent of Lake Erie froze over two days.

Environment Canada issued cold or winter storm warnings on Saturday for provinces from Manitoba to Newfoundland and Labrador.

Temperatures in Windsor, Ont., for instance, dipped to - 17 C on Sunday.


On Friday, satellite imagery showed three per cent of the shallowest of the Great Lakes to be covered in ice.


WATCH: 60% of Lake Erie freezes over in 2 days.





By Sunday, it was 64 per cent covered, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).


© National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The image above shows Lake Erie on Friday, while the image below shows the lake Sunday.

Mel Diotte of Windsor, Ont., caught the ice forming on Lake Erie while he was near Point Pelee National Park in Leamington, Ont.


WATCH: Extreme cold freezes 60 percent of lake Erie, most of Niagara Falls.


 
 WATCH: Polar Vortex and Niagara Falls Frozen Mist.




- CBC.





INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: Powerful House Explosion In Yorkshire, UK - One Man Killed, House Levelled! [VIDEO]

Powerful: Properties surrounding the levelled house were left with their windows blown out, had smashed roofs and were covered in debris© Jordan Clift/SWNS.com

February 19, 2016 - YORKSHIRE, UNITED KINGDOM - Three fire crews and a hazardous area response team attended the scene, while firefighters searched what was left of the property.

The explosion sounded like a crash, one local resident said. The man, who did not wish to be named, was about 150 yards away at the time and described the loud bang that he said had "flattened" the property and damaged others nearby.

"The house has been completely flattened. It sounded as if a bus or something had crashed into a house, or like an aeroplane crash," he told the Press Association. "All the properties adjacent to the one that's blown up have got damaged windows and garages."

Windows at St Margaret Clitherow church in Holly Tree Lane and the presbytery are also understood to have been damaged.

At the scene, the road was cordoned off and four fire engines could be seen outside the destroyed house.

The detached houses either side of the property were badly damaged. The windows had been blown out of one neighbouring house and the roofs of many houses on the street had been damaged by the explosion. Neighbours said the blast was heard across the area.


Aftermath: A gas line remains alight in the razed house pictured just minutes after the suspected gas explosion© Rob Varley/Guzelian

Peter Hurst, 30, described what his father, David Hurst, who lives in one of the neighbouring properties, had heard. "He said he heard a big bang. He can't walk that well so he was really panicking but he's fine, he's shaken up a bit. The windows in his house have all gone." Hurst said his father did not know his neighbours well.Duncan Batchelor, a finance director who lives a few doors down from the house, said he and his wife were woken at about 7.30am by the bang.

"At first we thought that one of the trees out the back had fallen or that something had hit the house and then we heard all the car alarms going off and thought it must be one of those small earthquakes," he said.

"I checked on the kids and they were fine and then looked out the window and the garage door had been popped open."

The houses on either side of the exploded house had had their windows blown in. The father of a family living next door to the exploded house reportedly had to climb through a smashed bay window in order to wrestle the front door open and get his children out.

"They're solid houses," said Batchelor. "They're made of solid brick, but there wasn't a wall standing."

Kenneth Waugh has lived in a nearby house for nearly 12 years and, like most of his neighbours, was awoken by the noise. "We got up and looked out the window and saw people scurrying all over the place," he said.


WATCH: Drone view of house.




His wife, Allison, said: "I wondered whether a car had crashed into the house."

Emma Coulson, a teacher, said friends from around the village had texted her when they heard the bang. "Friends texted me saying: 'What was that?' and I replied saying: 'I can see smoke from my back window'."

One woman, who did not want to be named, said she felt the explosion from a street away. She said: "There was a tremendous bang this morning. It shook the bed and the whole house."

Beauty therapist Sarah Grand, who lives six doors down from the destroyed house, said hers was the first property to have escaped damage from the explosion.

Her sister, sales adviser Vicky Grand, said she had heard the blast from her home three streets away. "It was so loud I thought someone had broken into the house," she said. - Guardian.





EXTREME WEATHER: Bush Fire Blazes Near New Jersey Oil Refinery - Has Already Covered 25 Acres!

BREAKING: Brush Fire Burning in South Jersey Town http://on.nbc10.com/3eeBuJe
Twitter: NBC10 Philadelphia

February 19, 2016 - NEW JERSEY, UNITED STATES - A brush-fire nearing a Sunoco oil refinery in West Deptford Township, New Jersey has already covered 25 acres.

The fire, which began at about 9:00 pm Friday remains at "one alarm," meaning a small unit of firefighters have been dispatched, though a local NBC station reports backup has been called.

Officials are saying there is no threat to the facility. There are no reports of injuries.

Meteorologist Scott Derek reports westward winds coming from the refinery toward the fire. It is unclear at this point if this will hinder firefighter efforts.


Refinery brush fire in West Deptford, NJ casting eerie glow seen miles away in Philadelphia (from @6abc Sky6 cam)
Twitter: Matt Simansky

© bradley_richards97 / Instagram


The refinery holds about 6 million barrels of refined oil and regularly stores crude oil, ethanol, gasoline, heating oil, jet fuel, and other petroleum products.

It sits on the Delaware River bank not far from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

- RT.





MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: "State Of Natural Disaster" - Deadly Cyclone Winston Strikes Fiji Islands; The STRONGEST EVER Cyclone In The Southern Hemisphere; Islands Are Now In EMERGENCY LOCKDOWN; 30-DAY STATE OF EMERGENCY; All Flights SUSPENDED; National Curfew Imposed; Over 750 Evacuation Centers; Fears Of Widespread Flooding And Landslides!

Eye of Cyclone has made landfall over the north coast of Viti Levu - 's strongest cyclone on record
Twitter: Met Office Storms

February 19, 2016 - FIJI ISLANDS - Fiji’s South Pacific islands are in emergency lockdown, with all flights in and out of the country suspended, as hurricane force winds from Cyclone Winston batter the nation.

The government has declared a 30-day state of natural disaster over the Category 5 cyclone, believed to be the strongest in history to hit the area.

One fatality has been reported - a man died after a house collapsed on the island of Koro, according to the Fiji Times.



One resident shared this photo of queues of people lining up to stock up on supplies. © Twitter: @viti_kid

Earlier, residents were advised to either seek shelter in one of the 758 government evacuation centers or secure their homes against the storm, and a 6pm curfew was issued.

Winds of over 200km/h have been reported since the tropical storm made landfall Saturday, while there are fears of flooding and landslides.


 WATCH: Dramatic Himawari-8 visible and IR Loops of Cyclone Winston Heading for Fiji.




A severe weather warning for the three largest islands Viti Levu, Taveuni, and Vanua Levu - where the majority of the population live - has been issued by the Fiji Meteorological Service.




















A video posted by Tony T Levani (@tonytones23) on



A video posted by Davi Candido (@davi_ocean) on



The cyclone is traveling west over the islands and has already hit the island of Viti Levu, close to the capital Suva.

Fiji’s prime minister, Josaia Voreqe Bainimarama, has urged people on the South Pacific islands to “stick together” as the country faces “an ordeal of the most grievous kind.”


WATCH: 'Winston' strongest cyclone (hurricane) ever in Southern Hemisphere.




“I ask parents to be especially careful of the young and the elderly.

Do not allow anyone to go outside during the storm itself. The threat of being hit by flying debris is extremely high,” Bainimarama had warned during the storm’s approach.


WATCH: Scenes from Fiji.








Authorities are having difficulty assessing the full extent of storm damage at this point as communications are down across many of the islands’ towns and villages.

Earlier, Fijians shared videos online of the destructive power of mother nature, as the cyclone began to accelerate inland. - RT.




EXTREME WEATHER: Increasing Effects Of Magnetic Polar Migration - Lightning Kills 10 In South Africa; And 7 Killed And 9 Injured Due To Lightning Strike In Pakistan!


February 19, 2016 - EARTH - Here are two of the latest reports of deadly lightning strikes across planet Earth.


Lightning kills four in Harding, South Africa

Four people have died and 20 others sustained injuries when storms and lightning caused havoc at Harding in southern KwaZulu-Natal Thursday.

Provincial Emergency Medical Services spokesperson Robert McKenzie says the four died in hospital after they had been struck by lightning.

He says all the injured were treated at the scene before being transported to hospital for medical care.

The storm left houses destroyed and roofs being blown. - SABC News.



Lightning kills another 3 people in South Africa; total of 10 in a week

Three more people have died in lightning strikes in KwaZulu-Natal, bringing to 10 the number of people killed in one week, the provincial co-operative governance and traditional affairs department said on Saturday.

"With the province of KwaZulu-Natal still licking its wounds after seven people lost their lives in the area of KwaMachi near Harding in the Umuziwabantu local municipality, another tragedy has struck as more lightning, hail, and storms have hit the neighbouring uMzimkhulu municipality killing three more people and injuring dozens of others as well as damaging homes," MEC Nomusa Dube-Ncube said.

In wards 14 and 18 in uMzimkhulu municipality more than 80 household were affected by storms. A team of disaster management personnel led by the local mayor Mphuthumi Mpabanga had been undertaking door-to-door visits to all the affected families and providing first-line support, she said.

Dube-Ncube extended heartfelt condolences to the bereaved families. She had ordered that more lighting conductors be provided to the affected areas and also sent additional disaster management teams in support.

"We wish to assure the public that they are not facing these natural disasters without a helping hand from the provincial government. We are deeply saddened by this latest tragedy which happened barely a day after we were still trying to come to terms with the double tragedy of KwaMachi in Harding. We reiterate our call to the public, particularly in the rural areas, to exercise caution as we are in the middle of the summer season when incidents of this nature tend to occur most frequently," she said.

"We will continue to experience such unpredictable weather conditions as a result of climate change. Unfortunately, these are acts of nature and they are beyond our control. Our duty, however, is to be on alert and minimise the loss of life. Our disaster management centres are always on standby.

"We are doing everything possible to support the affected families; our disaster management teams remain on the scene at uMzimkhulu and KwaMachi to provide assistance to all affected members of the community," Dube-Ncube said. - IOL.



7 Killed And 9 Injured Due To Lightning Strike In Pakistan



Four women among seven people from the same family were killed in devastating lightning strike a double-storey house at Khushab's Purana Chowk here on Saturday, Radio Pakistan reported.

As per media reports, the ill-fated house's roof collapsed when lightning hit it badly and upon this all the family members trapped under the rubble. As result, seven people including four women and two children died in the mishap whereas nine others sustained severe wounds and were shifted to hospital, rescue official said.

The deceased have been identified as Umar Daraz, his wife Razia, eight-year-old Kinza, 15-year-old Farooq, 10-year-old Abdul Rauf, 13-year-old Sobia, seven-year-old Nauman and 17-year-old Sonia.  - Daily Pakistan.





OMEN: Plagues And Pestilences - Girl Born With Three Legs In Delhi, India?!

Varsha Sena, two, was born with an extra leg sprouting from her back due to a rare condition which affects one in a million infants

February 19, 2016 - DELHI, INDIA - A baby girl has been born with an extra leg sprouting from her back due to a rare condition which affects one in a million infants.

Two-year-old Varsha Sena, from Delhi, was born with two legs, and a third limb growing sideways out of her spine.

Varsha suffers from a rare condition called polymelia, which causes a person to be born with extra limbs, often arms or legs.

Doctors at the Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, Delhi, were able to successfully amputate the unwanted third leg at the end of last month. The lead surgeon, Dr Daljit Singh, said: 'The baby was suffering from polymelia.

'It is a condition in which is a person is born with more than four limbs. We have not seen such a case in the last fifty years.

'This was the first case of polymelia in which the spinal cord had developed into an additional limb.'

Varsha was born at Bara Hindu Rao Hospital in Delhi in 2014, and was later sent to the Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital for surgery to remove her extra leg.

After seeing her baby for the first time, her mother, Komal Sena, 24, said she was scared of her child.

She said: 'I was scared when I saw my daughter for the first time.' The family calls Varsha by the name of 'Ganesh' - a Hindu God with and elephant head who is normally depicted with four legs - due to her extra limbs.


Varsha suffers from a rare condition called polymelia, which causes a person to be born with extra limbs, often arms or legs.
She had an extra limb growing sideways out of the left side of her back

'This was the first case of polymelia in which the spinal cord had developed into an additional limb,' said surgeon Dr Daljit Singh.
Pictured is an X-ray of Versha's extra leg

The rare disorder occurs in the womb when the cells form abnormally during embryonic development.

The embryo begins to develop as conjoined twins. But one twin stops growing, leaving the remaining developments - often limbs - of the undeveloped twin attached to the body of the live baby.

There are very few known cases of polymelia around the world.

In 2014 MailOnline reported on the case of another Indian boy, from Gujarat, who was born with three arms.

His right arm in the normal place, but two arms on his left side, and doctors at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital were able to remove the extra limb.

In 2012 MailOnline reported on a newborn girl from Pakistan who was born with a third arm due to polymelia.

The extra arm was joined to her back near her spinal cord.

At just four years old the baby girl, who was from the Dera Ghazi Khan District in the Punjab province of Pakistan, underwent an operation to remove the extra arm.

The most well known case of the condition was Lakshmi Tatma, from India, who was born with eight limbs.

A parasitic twin who had stopped developing and died in the womb was attached to her body.

Doctors removed the extra limbs in 2007.  - Daily Mail.






EXTREME WEATHER: Rain, Hail, Floods And Fog - Images Of Wild Weather In The United Arab Emirates! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

A man wades through a flooded street in Fujairah. © Mohideen / Al Ittihad

February 19, 2016 - UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - Here are several images of wild weather recently witnessed in the United Arab Emirates.

Workers pump away floodwater after the rainstorm in Qirfa, Fujairah.
© Mohideen / Al Ittihad

Men look out towards a flooded street in Qirfa.
© Mohideen / Al Ittihad

A street floods in Al Barsha near Mall of the Emirates in Dubai.
© Antonie Robertson / The National

Cars parked outside a villa in Fujairah.

A general view of the empty Centre Court during the Dubai Duty Free Tennis WTA Championships in Dubai.
© Ali Haider / EPA

Hail falls down on Centre Court.
© Francois Nel / Getty Images

Buildings are partially obscured in the Dubai Marina as the sun starts to burn the morning fog away. © Antonie Robertson / The National

A thunderstorm passes over the Dubai Marina and Jumeirah Lake Towers neighborhoods of Dubai.
© Jon Gambrell / AP Photo

A flooded street in Al Barsha near Mall Of The Emirates in Dubai.
© Antonie Robertson / The National


WATCH: Hail storm in Dubai.







- The National (UAE).






ICE AGE NOW: Global Cooling Continues Relentlessly - Ice Jam Causes Flooding In Downtown Augusta, Maine; And Early Icebergs Seen Off Newfoundland And Labrador, Canada! [VIDEOS]

© Christopher Cousins | BDN

February 19, 2016 - EARTH - The following articles constitutes several of the latest reports on heavy snowfall, low temperatures and snow storms as global cooling continues across the Earth.

Ice jam causes flooding in downtown Augusta, Maine

The National Weather Service has issued a flood warning for the Kennebec River in Augusta due to an ice jam.

The flood warning is in effect until 3:30 p.m.

At 10:23 a.m. Wednesday an ice jam formed quickly on the river, causing it to rise to 13.2 feet.

The river was at 14 feet as of 1:30 p.m. Wednesday and was expected to fall slowly.

At 5:30 a.m. Thursday the river was at 12.25 ft in Augusta, prompting the National Weather Service to extend the flood warning into the afternoon. Flood stage is 12 ft. Augusta police said on its Facebook page at about 10 a.m. that the river was rising and flooding the Front Street parking lot. Front Street was closed.


Unseasonably warm temperatures earlier this week caused an early breakup of ice on the Kennebec River, causing minor flooding in low-lying areas

People came by to take pictures and stare at the ice jam all day Wednesday, but employees in the building along the river had no time to watch because there were only a few minutes to move.

A woman sprinted through the water this morning, rushing to save her car from fast-moving water.

"She went to close her vehicle and she couldn't close her door because the water was rushing in, and the big chunks of ice," said Colleen Tyler, owner of Vickery Café.

The woman got out just in time in the last of the cars to move from the path of the ice jam.

"Something happened, and it all backed up, and by 9:30 there's water in the parking lot," said Dave Groder of the Augusta Fire Department. Rain and warm weather over the last few days helped create a jam earlier than usual.

"As far as in February, having it jam up like this, I don't recall it," Groder said.

Deidra Consteanty said it's been quite a while since she's seen a jam this early, too.


"I'm watching, and the water's coming up a little big, a little bit more, and it's like, 'OK, it's time to call these people,'" Consteanty said.


WATCH: Ice jam floods Augusta.






"You just watched it, and you couldn't say anything because you were just fascinated by watching it and the power of nature," Tyler said.

The warm weather, rain and to a smaller extent, the high tide forced the closure of Front Street for the night, officials said.

The rising tide could redistribute some of the ice, making the situation worse or loosening the jam. - WMTW.



Early icebergs seen off Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

A big iceberg was spotted off Job's Cove on the Bay de Verde Peninsula on Feb. 10. © Walter Pottle

You can usually time the welcome of icebergs by the arrival of summer and the tourism season, but this year the mighty bergs seem to be hugging the coastline early.




Icebergs usually show up off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador in May and June, and draws large swaths of people to the province each year. - CBC.










PLANETARY TREMORS: Strong 5.1 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Coast Of Japan, Near Fukushima - USGS! [MAPS + TECTONIC SUMMARY]

USGS earthquake location.

February 19, 2016 - UNITED STATES - A 5.1 magnitude earthquake has struck off the coast of Japan, according to the US Geological Survey.

The quake, which had a depth of 20km, struck 105km from the Fukushima Dai-Ni power plant.


USGS shakemap intensity.


Fukushima Dai-Ni is just 12km from the Fukushima Daiichi plant, which suffered a meltdown of its nuclear reactors after the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami, resulting in Japan's worst nuclear accident. - RT.


Seismotectonics of Japan and Vicinity

The North America plate, Pacific plate, Philippine Sea plate, and Eurasia plate all influence the tectonic setting of Japan, Taiwan, and the surrounding area. Some authors divide the edges of these plates into several microplates that together take up the overall relative motions between the larger tectonic blocks, including the Okhotsk microplate in northern Japan, the Okinawa microplate in southern Japan, the Yangzee microplate in the area of the East China Sea, and the Amur microplate in the area of the Sea of Japan.

The seafloor expression of the boundary between the Pacific and North America plates lies 300 km off the east coasts of Hokkaido and Honshu at the Kuril-Kamchatka and Japan trenches. The subduction of the Pacific plate beneath the North America plate, at rates of 83-90 mm/yr, generates abundant seismicity, predominantly as a result of interplate slip along the interface between the plates. The 1958 M 8.4 Etorofu, 1963 M 8.6 Kuril, 2003 M 8.3 Tokachi-Oki, and the 2011 M 9.0 Tohoku earthquakes all exemplify such megathrust seismicity. The 1933 M 8.4 Sanriku-Oki earthquake and the 1994 M 8.3 Shikotan earthquake are examples of intraplate seismicity, caused by deformation within the lithosphere of the subducting Pacific plate (Sanriku-Oki) and of the overriding North America plate (Shikotan), respectively.

At the southern terminus of the Japan Trench the intersection of the Pacific, North America, and Philippine Sea plates forms the Boso Triple Junction, the only example of a trench-trench-trench intersection in the world. South of the triple junction the Pacific plate subducts beneath the Philippine Sea plate at the Izu-Ogasawara trench, at rates of 45-56 mm/yr. This margin is noteworthy because of the steep dip of the subducting Pacific plate (70° or greater below depths of 50 km depth), and because of its heterogeneous seismicity; few earthquakes above M 7 occur at shallow depths, yet many occur below 400 km. The lack of large shallow megathrust earthquakes may be a result of weak coupling at the plate interface, or simply a reflection of an incomplete earthquake catalog with respect to the length of typical seismic cycles.


USGS plate tectonics for the region.


The northernmost section of the Philippine Sea plate shares a 350 km boundary with the North America plate that runs approximately east-west from the Boso Triple Junction towards the Izu Peninsula. This short boundary is dominated by the subduction of the Philippine Sea plate beneath Japan along the Sagami Trough, but also includes small sections of transform motion.

The subduction of the Philippine Sea plate under the Eurasia plate begins at the Suruga Trough, immediately southwest of the Izu peninsula. In the northern Tōkai, Tonankai and Nankai sections of this subduction zone, historical data indicate M 8+ earthquake recurrence intervals of 100-150 years. The Tonankai and Nankai sections last ruptured in M 8.1 earthquakes in 1944 and 1946, respectively, while the Tōkai section last broke in 1854. In the 1980's studies began to forecast the imminence of a large earthquake in the Tōkai region, and warned of its potential impact on the cities of Tokyo and Yokohama (the two largest cities in Japan); to date, the expected event has not occurred.

The boundary between the Philippine Sea and Eurasia plates continues south and southwestwards from the Suruga Trough, extending 2000 km along the Nankai and Ryukyu trenches before reaching the island of Taiwan. Along the Ryukyu Trench, the Philippine Sea plate exhibits trench normal subduction at rates increasing from 48 mm/yr in the northeast to 65 mm/yr in the southwest. Convergence and the associated back-arc deformation west of the oceanic trench creates the Ryukyu Islands and the Okinawa Trough. The largest historic event observed along this subduction zone was the M 8.1 Kikai Island earthquake in 1911.

In the vicinity of Taiwan the structure of the Philippine Sea: Eurasia plate boundary and the associated pattern of seismicity becomes more complex. 400 km east of Taiwan a clockwise rotation in the trend of the margin (from NE-SW to E-W), paired with an increase in subduction obliquity creates a section of the plate boundary that exhibits dextral transform and oblique thrusting motions. South of Taiwan the polarity of subduction flips; the Eurasia plate subducts beneath the Philippine Sea plate. Debate surrounds contrasting models of the plate boundary position between the zones of oppositely verging subduction, and the boundary's relation to patterns of seismicity. Many studies propose that crustal thickening causes the majority of regional seismicity, while others attribute seismicity to deformation associated with subduction. Another resolution proposes a tear in the Philippine Sea plate and a complex assortment of subduction, transform, and collisional motion. All the models concede that seismicity around the island of Taiwan is anomalously shallow, with few earthquakes deeper than 70km.

While there are no instances of an earthquake Magnitude greater than 8 in the modern record, Taiwan and its surrounding region have experienced eight Magnitude greater than 7.5 events between 1900 and 2014. The dominance of shallow Magnitude less than 8 earthquakes suggests fairly weak plate boundary coupling, with most earthquakes caused by internal plate deformation. The 1935 M 7.1 Hsinchu-Taichung earthquake and the 1999 M 7.6 Chi-Chi Earthquake both exemplify the shallow continental crust thrust faulting that dominates regional seismicity across the island. A major tectonic feature of the island is the Longitudinal Valley Fault, which ruptures frequently in small, shallow earthquakes. In 1951, the Longitudinal Valley Fault hosted twelve Magnitude greater than or equal to 6 events known as the Hualien-Taitung earthquake sequence.

Large earthquakes in the vicinity of Japan and Taiwan have been both destructive and deadly. The regions high population density makes shallow earthquakes especially dangerous. Since 1900 there have been 13 earthquakes (9 in Japan, 4 in Taiwan) that have each caused over 1000 fatalities, leading to a total of nearly 200,000 earthquake related deaths. In January 1995 an earthquake that ruptured a southern branch of the Japan Median Tectonic Line near the city of Kobe (population 1.5 million) killed over 5000 people. The 1923 Kanto earthquake shook both Yokohama (population 500,000, at that time) and Tokyo (population 2.1 million), killing 142,000 people. The earthquake also started fires that burned down 90% of the buildings in Yokohama and 40% of the buildings in Tokyo. Most recently, the M9.0 Tohoku earthquake, which ruptured a 400 km stretch of the subduction zone plate boundary east of Honshu, and the tsunami it generated caused over 20,000 fatalities.

More information on regional seismicity and tectonics

- USGS.





 

FIRE IN THE SKY: The Latest Fireball Sightings - Australian Catches Close-Up Footage Of Meteor Fireball; Meteor Fireball Filmed Over Euless, Texas; Meteor-Fireball Observed Over Morocco; And Meteorites Recovered In Osceola County, Florida, Following Last Month' Overhead Meteor Explosion! [PHOTOS + VIDEOS]

© YouTube Screen Capture

February 19, 2016 - SPACE - The following constitutes several of the latest reports of fireballs, seen in the skies, across the globe.

Australian catches close-up footage of meteor-fireball

A man testing out his body camera at a Victoria, Australia, beach captured video of a suspected meteor falling to earth nearby.

The video, posted to YouTube (see below) by Overwatch Security, features body camera footage filmed by a worker for the firm as he walked on a Victoria beach on a stormy day.

The man faces out toward the water as the suspected meteor lights up the sky and streaks down toward the water.

The lights are quickly followed by the sound of the object passing through the air toward the water.

The video's time-stamp indicates it was filmed just after 8 p.m. Jan. 27.

"While testing one of our Body Cameras on a stormy day a meteor hit the bay directly in front of me just as I sat down. The sound was insanely loud but only lasted for a second or two. Scary stuff, I was literally lost for words. Hopefully no boats were hit!" the man wrote in the video's description.


WATCH: Fireball over Australia.




- UPI.


Meteor-fireball filmed over Euless, Texas



Cool video I captured with my dashcam of a really close meteor. I witnessed a similar incident higher up in the sky 2 days before this... Interesting happening, glad I was driving by at the right moment. This was on 183 Westbound in the Euless area.


WATCH: Fireball over Texas.




- Strange Sounds.


Meteorites recovered in Osceola County, Florida, following last month's overhead meteor explosion

A portion of a ‘heat map’ – showing location of witnesses or observers, and ground trajectory – of January 24, 2016, daylight meteor via the American Meteor Society.

You may remember hearing about a fireball meteor that streaked across the daytime sky in Florida late last month. Fragments of that meteorite have been tracked down and recovered by a group of meteorite enthusiasts, according to Earthsky.com.

Mike Hankey, Larry Atkins, Laura Atkins, Brendan Fallon and Josh Adkins searched for days in pine forests and swamplands across Florida in search of the space rock. The zone where the meteorites were found matched up perfectly with the trajectory that the meteor took during the January 24th fireball event. According to the American Meteor Society, there are now almost 130 reports that a bright meteor streaked over the southeast U.S. on January 24th and 10:25 A.M. ET.


Meteorite. © MikesAstroPhotos.com.

Josh Adkins holds up an 800-gram meteorite – a chunk of rock from space – associated with the January 24, 2016 daylight meteor over the U.S. Southeast. © Brendan Fallon


The reason that people search for meteorites is that they are typically ancient objects that formed during the birth of our solar system and can hold many secrets about it. One of the fragments is currently being studied Alan Rubin, a meteorite expert and researcher at UCLA. He is currently working to determine the classification of what is now being called the Osceola meteorite.  - Tucson News Now.


Meteor fireball observed over Morocco

Fireball observed over Morocco on February 19, 2016. The event was recorded by several meteor observing stations operated by the University of Huelva in Spain.


 WATCH: Meteor-fireball observed over Morocco.