Tuesday, April 28, 2015

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Latest Report Of Volcanic Eruptions, Activity, Unrest And Awakenings – April 27, 2015!

April 28, 2015 - EARTH
- The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe, courtesy of Volcano Discovery.

Karymsky (Kamchatka): An explosion occurred this morning that was strong enough to produce an ash plume to approx. 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude (VAAC Tokyo).

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): Strong activity continues from the volcano. This morning (14:24 local time), an explosion at the Showa crater sent a plume to 15,000 ft (4.5 km) altitude that drifted north.

Manam (Papua New Guinea): Eruptive activity is taking place at the volcano. VAAC Darwin reported an ash plume to 8,000 ft from the volcano this morning. A pronounced SO2 plume can be seen on satellite data as well.

Dukono (Halmahera): The volcano continues to produce significant ash emissions - a plume extending 20 nautical miles E was observed Saturday (Darwin VAAC).

Barren Island (Indian Ocean): A pilot reported an ash plume rising to 10,000 ft from the volcano. Likely, eruptive activity which had produced a new lava flow in March is still going on or has resumed.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Volcanic Eruptions And Earthquakes Increasing Across The Planet - Research!

April 28, 2015 - EARTH
- If it seems like earthquakes and erupting volcanoes are happening more frequently, that's because they are. Looking at global magnitude six (M6) or greater from 1980 to 1989 there was an average of 108.5 earthquakes per year, from 2000 to 2009 the planet averaged 160.9 earthquakes per year: that is a 38.9% increase of M6+ earthquakes in recent years.

Unrest also seems to be growing among the world's super-volcanoes. Iceland (which is home to some of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet), Santorini in Greece, Uturuncu in Bolivia, the Yellowstone and Long Valley calderas in the U.S., Laguna del Maule in Chile, Italy's Campi Flegrei - almost all of the world's active super-volcanic systems are now exhibiting some signs of inflation, an early indication that pressure is building in these volcanic systems.

When they will erupt is guess work, but in the meantime, activity is growing in Central America's volcanoes such as Costa Rica's Turrialba Volcano, Asia's volcanoes such as Kamchatka, Alaska and Indonesia are also more active.

Magma chambers are growing as pressures increase, the numbers of tremors are increasing as are related 'quake-clusters'. If any one of these major volcanic systems has a large scale eruption, it would be a global event. Iceland is considered by many scientists to be the next likely place for a global level volcanic event. The last major event, actually relatively minor, was in 2010 when an Icelandic volcano (Eyjafjallajökull volcano) made headlines around the world by spewing mega-tons of ash into the atmosphere, cancelling and re-routing thousands of flights and costing airlines and passengers more than $7 billion+ in lost revenues.


The latest research connects the Sun to the Earth in fascinating new ways. A 1967 study published in the Earth and Planetary Science journal, stated: "Solar activity, as indicated by sunspots, radio noise and geomagnetic indices, plays a significant but by no means exclusive role in the triggering of earthquakes." A 1998 report by a scientist from the Beijing Astronomical Observatory... "Earthquakes occur frequently around the minimum years of solar activity."

As reported on NewScientist.com and numerous other science sites, including Space.com, the sun has recently entered into its lowest (minimum) actively levels in four centuries, coinciding with an increase in global seismic activity. "Solar activity is declining very fast at the moment," Mike Lockwood, professor of space environmental physics at Reading University, UK, told New Scientist. "We estimate faster than at any time in the last 9300 years.

"Current Solar science looks at Sunspots, Solar Flares (charged particles), Solar Wind speed and density, Magnetic Field Shift, Shifting Ocean and Jet Stream Currents, Extreme Weather (including earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes or other extreme natural events), and have concluded that the Earth and the Sun are far more connected than previously thought. The most recent study by the USGS finds there were more than twice as many big earthquakes in the first quarter of 2014 as compared with the average since 1979. "We have recently experienced a period that has had one of the highest rates of great earthquakes ever recorded," said lead study author Tom Parsons, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in California. It seems that earthquakes and volcanic activity is on the rise and according to many scientific experts we can expect more in the near future.  - The Costa Rica News.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Disaster Impact - Climber Captures Video Of Shocking Moment Avalanche Hits Mount Everest Base Camp After Nepal Earthquake!

A cloud of snow and debris triggered by an earthquake flies towards Everest Base Camp on April 25, 2015. © AFP Photo/Roberto Schmidt

- It is hard enough to survive a massive earthquake in Nepal and for that to be followed by a horrific avalanche at Mount Everest. However, some climbers managed to capture the moment they were hit by a sea of ice and snow crashing into them on camera.

A terrifying video posted on YouTube by German climber Jost Kobusch shows people at the Everest Base Camp stumbling in confusion as powerful the 7.9-magnitude earthquake hit Nepal on Saturday.


WATCH: Mount Everest base camp hit by avalanche.

Kobusch can be heard saying "the ground is shaking," while laughing nervously at the start of the clip. The visibility was so poor, he was hardly able to see the slopes of the Himalayan Mountains.

Climbers nearby begin scrambling, yelling and trying to warn others of the imminent avalanche. Caught off guard, people try to find some cover, but the wall of snow was quick and brutal.

Cursing profoundly, the German hides in front of a tent with no proper protection. Seconds later, the climbers are buried by a wave of snow. One can hear Kobusch and another man trying to catch their breath, as the climber goes into a state of shock.

In this photograph taken on April 25, 2015, rescuers use a makeshift stretcher to carry an injured person after an avalanche
triggered by an earthquake flattened parts of Everest Base Camp.  © AFP Photo/Roberto Schmidt
In this photograph taken on April 25, 2015, rescuers use a makeshift stretcher to carry an injured person after an avalanche triggered by an earthquake flattened parts of Everest Base Camp.
The men in the video were lucky to survive, but the massive avalanche ended up killing some 20 people at the camp and injuring dozens of others. Rescue missions were launched, with the critically injured evacuated by helicopters. However, other rescue operations were hampered by bad weather, aftershocks and the fact that some 100 climbers were cut off from the Base Camp due to the collapsed Icefall route.

A new 6.7-magnitude aftershock hit Nepal at 07:09 GMT on Sunday, which unleashed another series of avalanches in the Himalayas.

An avalanche came close to hitting the base camp at Mount Everest as well, but luckily, fell just short.

Kobusch was not the only climber who ended up filming the terrifying passage that unfolded. RT's video agency Ruptly obtained the helmet camera footage of Belgian climber Jelle Veyt, who also was at the Base Camp, located at an altitude of 5,364 metres (17,598 ft), when the avalanche smashed through it. AFP photographer Roberto Schmidt managed to grab a photo of the enormous wall of snow headed towards the camp, before running for his life

WATCH: Mount Everest climbers survey avalanche destruction at base camp.

Over 3,300 people have been killed following the earthquake on Saturday, while more than 6,200 have been injured. Many hundreds are still unaccounted for.

International organizations and countries have been sending aid to Nepal. On Sunday, Russian, American and Canadian aircraft flew out with rescue teams onboard. Sweden has pledged $1.5 million in aid, with Canada vowing to send $5 million. - RT.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Extreme Drought, Water & Food Crisis - The California Dust Bowl Brings Its Future Into Question!

Lake Oroville, California. © Justin Sullivan / Getty Images

- We occasionally hear stories of the Great Dustbowl in America's grain-rich Midwest during the Great Depression of the 1930's when prolonged drought became so extreme as strong winds, drought and clouds of dust plagued nearly 75 percent of the United States. The Dust Bowl lasted for eight years from 1931 to 1939. Yet we hear little, especially in US national media of a new dust bowl which threatens to literally dry up the nation's most populous state, California.

The origins of the 1930's Dust Bowl went back to the introduction of large-scale mechanized agriculture across the Midwest prairie lands. In the early 1920's the Federal Reserve interest rate policies triggered a deep recession and to survive, farmers turned to mechanization and the new Ford tractors and other equipment. Between 1925 and 1930 more than 5 million acres of previously unfarmed land were plowed. US farmers as a result produced record crops during the 1931 season just in time to coincide with the collapse of living standards of the Great Depression. The result was severe overproduction of wheat that led to severely reduced market prices. The wheat market was flooded, and people were too poor to buy. In a desperate bid, farmers went into debt those who were able and expanded their fields in an effort to turn a profit, much as is taking place across the shale oilfields of North Dakota and Texas today for oil. The result was that they covered the prairie with wheat in place of the natural drought-resistant grasses and left unused fields bare.

Picture of a black blizzard of soil during the Midwest Dust Bowl in the 1930s

The new plow-based farming in the Midwest region caused loss of fertile topsoil that literally blew away in the winds, leaving the land vulnerable to drought. Then the rains stopped. By 1932, 14 dust storms, known as black blizzards were reported, and in just one year, the number increased to nearly 40, forcing millions of people to flee the region. It wasn't until 1939 when the rain returned that relief came.

One year of water left

Now we return to California, America's most populous state. It has 38 million people, larger than most countries of the EU, and with a GDP in 2013 of $2.2 trillion which, were California a nation, would give her the eighth largest GDP in the world behind only the USA, China, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil, and the United Kingdom. In short, California matters not only to the future of the USA economy but of the world economy. It is home of some of the planet's most concentrated centers of high technology from the Silicon Valley to the great scientific labs and universities such as Berkeley and California Institute of Technology.

For four consecutive years the state has been in a severe drought. Each day that passes it depletes the ground water resources, reservoir lakes and other sources more.

Jay Famiglietti, Senior Water Scientist at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory at California Institute of Technology and a professor of Earth System Science at UC Irvine has sounded the gravity of the situation for the first time in an OpEd in the Los Angeles Times.

According to Famiglietti, this past winter, California's usual 'wet season', "paltry rain and snowfall have done almost nothing to alleviate epic drought conditions. January was the driest in California since record-keeping began in 1895. Groundwater and snowpack levels are at all-time lows. We're not just up a creek without a paddle in California, we're losing the creek too."

Famiglietti is regarded by peers as one of the best water scientists in the United States, if not the world. His warning is not the usual climate scare propaganda of an Al Gore. It is based on measurable scientific facts. He cites some:
  • Folsom Lake was only 35% of capacity as of September 30, 2014...More than 600 empty docks sit on dry, cracked dirt at Folsom Lake Marina, one of the largest inland marinas in California.
  • Data from NASA satellites show that the total amount of water stored in the Sacramento and San Joaquin river basins — that is, all of the snow, river and reservoir water, water in soils and groundwater combined — was 34 million acre-feet below normal in 2014. That loss is nearly 1.5 times the capacity of Lake Mead, America's largest reservoir.
  • Statewide, we've been dropping more than 12 million acre-feet of total water yearly since 2011. Roughly two-thirds of these losses are attributable to groundwater pumping for agricultural irrigation in the Central Valley. Farmers have little choice but to pump more groundwater during droughts, especially when their surface water allocations have been slashed 80% to 100%. But these pumping rates are excessive and unsustainable. Wells are running dry. In some areas of the Central Valley, the land is sinking by one foot or more per year.
  • California is running out of water — and the problem started before our current drought. NASA data reveal that total water storage in California has been in steady decline since at least 2002, when satellite-based monitoring began.
Famiglietti concludes with the sobering warning that, "Right now the state has only about one year of water supply left in its reservoirs, and our strategic backup supply, groundwater, is rapidly disappearing. California has no contingency plan for a persistent drought like this one (let alone a 20-plus-year mega-drought), except, apparently, staying in emergency mode and praying for rain. In short, we have no paddle to navigate this crisis."

California running out of water means dry taps, no water in the reservoirs, and no water for agriculture. California, despite its high-tech image is one of America's most important agriculture producers and its production is all water-intensive irrigated agribusiness large farms producing much of the fruits, grapes for wines, and dairy products of the United States.

Over the past several decades large agribusiness combines transformed the vast Central Valley farm area as lakes and rivers were drained to expand land for industrial farming. The effect on the ecology is perhaps like that in Kansas and Oklahoma during the 1930's, a significant factor causing the present drought or at least aggravating it. Yet for all the high-tech modern agribusiness, quasi slave labor, done mostly by illegal Mexican migrant farm workers desperate for dollars, is the Valley's largest source of manual farm labor. According to a 2005 report by the Congressional Research Service, the San Joaquin Valley was one of the most economically depressed regions in the US, on par with the region of Appalachia. Overall, California has a poverty rate of 23.5%, the highest of any state in the country.

Eyewitness Chronicle

Joseph Reed, a graduate geologist working in the IT industry in California, sent this author his own eyewitness chronicle of the unfolding disaster he has witnessed during the past several years of living in the West: "I have been to Lake Oroville. It was in early Summer last year, and the level of the lake was already more than 200 feet below normal. Area newspapers report that the level of the lake is now nearly 300 feet below the top of the lake. You have to see this to understand. ..One has to stand there and see this huge, tall wall of dry mud and a puddle at the bottom of a gigantic lake to fully grasp the magnitude of this problem. " Lake Oroville is the second largest water reservoir in the State of California. Here and here are some striking photos of Lake Oroville taken last year.

He continues the tale of devastation: "I visited is Lake Shasta near Redding, the heart of Northern California's agricultural region...a year-and-a-half ago. At the time the lake was over 120 feet below normal. According to California's "Bi-Weekly Drought Briefing," as of March 16 Lake Shasta is at just 58% capacity. Lake Shasta is the largest water reservoir in the State of California as well as an important hydroelectric source: " viii Here are some photos of Lake Shasta from last Summer.

Reed concludes, "I have also been to Lake Folsom, which is the water reservoir for Sacramento. One of the people I work with has a house on the lake there with a boat dock. Except that now the dock is on dry ground and one needs binoculars to see what is left of the water. So that's the lakes. The ground water is becoming exhausted, and it is also increasingly polluted due to massive fracking as well as the dumping of toxic waste underground (with permission from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)). "

Most alarming, the Sierra Nevada snowpack which is essential to maintain water supplies across the State as the snow melts through the Summer growing season has been measured across the Sierra's "at or below the lowest on record" which includes data back to 1950. The Weekly Drought Briefing states "Electronic snow sensors indicate the Northern Sierra snowpack is at 14% of average to date, the Central Sierra is at 18% of average to date, and the Southern Sierra is at 19% of average to date."

Even after a Winter that did see some significant precipitation, reservoir levels as of March 15 are still low according to the Drought Briefing. The largest water reservoirs in the state are:
  • Castaic Lake 29% of capacity
  • Don Pedro 43% of capacity
  • Exchequer 9% of capacity
  • Folsom Lake 59% of capacity
  • Lake Oroville 50% of capacity
  • Lake Perris 37% of capacity
  • Millerton Lake 39% of capacity
  • New Melones 25% of capacity
  • Pine Flat 17% of capacity
  • San Luis 68% of capacity
  • Lake Shasta 58% of capacity
  • Trinity Lake 48% of capacity
As he understands the crisis, Joseph Reed affirms the warnings of Jay Famiglietti, adding that , "There is no question that Washington has known about this crisis for a long time. That Washington, and the government of the State of California have taken little action to protect the water supply has very profound implications. And no, I don't think this is due to stupidity, although certainly there is an element of that. This is not just about water, this is also about electricity. The hydroelectric dams are also almost out of water. No water, no electric generation.

Will Vegas Lose the Bet?

The drought is not only affecting California, but also a vast area of the Western part of the United States. Lake Mead, which provides 90% of the water for Las Vegas is 145 feet below normal levels. The lake is expected to drop another 20 feet by June of 2016. It is close to the point that the water intake pipes that carry water to Vegas will be above the water and "sucking on air" as detailed in this Telegraph article. A new 1.5 billion water intake pipe and pumping station will soon be finished and in operation in case that happens. But even this is not viewed as a long term solution. If the water levels keep dropping the Hoover Dam, which holds back the Colorado River and formed Lake Mead, would lose the ability to generate electricity. The Colorado River, the only major river in the southwest part of the United States, is drying up itself. Its basin supplies water to about 40 million people in seven states, and irrigates roughly four million acres of farmland.

Maybe this explains the recent driving push of US agribusiness interests to grab fertile agriculture land in Ukraine's soil rich western regions. In the least it portends a crisis which no one is yet discussing openly, neither in the USA or internationally. And it raises the issue of why is Washington spending billions of dollars to arm an Islamic army to overthrow the Assad Government and to prop up the government of Ukraine, while ignoring a crisis that can lead to the loss of perhaps 1/3 of the US food supply and threaten the very lives of more than 40 million Americans. Are the lives of that many Americans not a "National Security" Issue?

The irony may be that in order to save the lives of millions of Americans living in coastal cities like San Diego and Los Angeles, President Obama may have to ask Vladimir Putin for the use of floating nuclear reactors to desalinate seawater for the use of those cities.
- New Eastern Outlook.

MASS ANIMAL DIE-OFFS: Disaster Precursors And Warnings From Mother Nature – The Latest Incidents Of Strange Animal Behavior, Migratory Patterns, Attacks, Deaths, And Appearance Of Rare Creatures!

April 28, 2015 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual and symbolic animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.

Rare ocean sunfish weighing 1.5 tons washes ashore at Palu, Indonesia

Monster: Indonesian fishermen try to help a rare Ocean Sunfish after they found the sea creature had washed ashore in Palu, Central Sulawesi

Fishermen often exaggerate when boasting just how big their latest catch was.

But there was no need for these Indonesians who have got the pictures to prove they really did capture a true whopper.

For this monstrous sea creature weighs an incredible 1.5 tons and measures more than six feet long.

They didn't strictly catch it, however.

Instead, they found the rare Ocean Sunfish in a critical condition after it had washed ashore in Palu, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.

They tried to drag it back out to sea in the hope it might recover. But the tide repeatedly pulled it back and the fish eventually died.

Sunfish, or Mola Mola, are the heaviest bony fish in the world.

The largest specimens can reach 14ft vertically and 10ft horizontally, weighing nearly 5,000lb.

Sunfish develop their truncated, bullet-like shape because they are born with a back fin that never grows. Instead, it folds into itself.

Mola in Latin means 'millstone' and describes the sunfish's somewhat circular shape. They are a silvery color and have a rough skin texture.

They are found in temperate and tropical oceans around the world and are often mistaken for sharks when their huge dorsal fins emerge above the water.

Their teeth are fused into a beak-like structure and they are unable to fully close their relatively small mouths. - Daily Mail.

Hoopoe causing a hoopla in Ireland as at least 50 exotic birds are seen

Hoopoe by Jimmy Murphy posted on the BirdWatch Ireland Facebook page. © Jimmy Murphy

Birdwatchers believe a funnel of air caused them to overshoot France and land in Ireland

If you think you spotted an unusual pink bird with zebra-patterned wings in recent weeks, you are not alone.

The hoopoe, so called because of the sound it makes, has come to these shores in unexpectedly large numbers this year, with at least 50 being spotted, according to Birdwatch Ireland's head of operations, Oran O'Sullivan. It is 50 years since so many hoopoes have been spotted here.

Usually, fewer than 10 are recorded in early spring or late autumn when migrating birds stray off course.

WATCH: Hoopoe.

Mr O'Sullivan said the exotic birds, about the size of a starling or thrush, were a Mediterranean species, typically nesting in trees and olive groves.

"They have very big wings and when they take off you see a flash of black and white. When they land they throw up this crest, like an Indian chief's head dress. They are exotic all the way."

He said the birds wintered in Africa and could fly as far as northern France. "Even a few breed in the very far south of England. They come up in good weather and in spring they can overshoot France and hit Wexford." - The Irish Times.

Research finds that bees actually want to eat the pesticides that hurt them

A foraging red-tailed bumblebee, Bombus lapidaries, visiting an oilseed rape flower in a field in the south of England. Bumblebees may be
addicted to the very pesticides that are hurting them.   © Jonathan Carruthers

A pair of new studies published Wednesday in Nature are disturbing when taken separately, but so much more chilling when laid out next to each other: The first provides new evidence that neonicotinoid insecticides can have a negative effect on bees, adding weight to the theory that these chemicals could contribute to colony collapse disorder and endanger our food supply. In the second study, another group of researchers found that bees don't avoid these harmful pesticides. They may actually seek them out and get addicted to them.

Recent years have seen bee populations on the decline. That's bad news for us, as Whole Foods recently highlighted by removing every product that relies on healthy pollinators from one of their salad bars.

While the jury is far from out, some researchers point to neonicotinoids, which have been banned in Britain for two years but are still widely used in the United States, as a potential culprit. These nicotine-related insecticides are favored for their relative safety to humans, because they target specific nerve receptors in invertebrates. But while they're safe for humans in the short term, some studies have argued that they're killing off bees on a scale so large that our food security is threatened.

In the first of the two latest studies, researchers tried to determine whether or not the negative effects seen in bees exposed to neonicotinoids in the lab can be replicated in the real world. Led by Maj Rundlöf of Lund University, researchers used 16 fields planted with Canola -- eight with neonicotinoids and eight without -- across Sweden. They studied colonies of honeybees and bumblebees as well as several individuals from solitary bee species, and they also monitored wild bees living in the area.

Honeybees didn't seem badly effected. But bumblebees had slower colony growth rates in the treated fields, and there were fewer wild bees, too. Additionally, none of the solitary females in the treated fields were able to breed as expected, while six of the eight untreated fields saw normal birthing habits.

What's especially troubling about this, the researchers pointed out, is that honeybees -- who seemed relatively immune to any negative effects -- are the species usually used to test chemicals.

While the study isn't universally damning for the pesticide, it indicates that researchers may not be able to predict how "bees" will react to neonicotinoids using just one species.

But maybe bees know to avoid neonicotinoids? Not so, according to Nature's second new study. According to researchers at Newcastle University and Trinity College Dublin, bees are actually attracted to the poison. When presented with a choice between sugar and sugar mixed with the pesticide -- which is bitter, a taste scientists had hoped bees would avoid -- bees didn't show any indication that they could taste a difference. They didn't avoid the pesticide-laced food, and their taste neurons didn't show any difference between the two options.

And bumblebees, who seem to have more to lose, were even more likely to eat the pesticides than honeybees. They might even be addicted to the stuff.

"Bees can't taste neonicotinoids in their food and therefore do not avoid these pesticides. This is putting them at risk of poisoning when they eat contaminated nectar," lead author Geraldine Wright said in a statement. "Even worse, we now have evidence that bees prefer to eat pesticide-contaminated food. Neonicotinoids target the same mechanisms in the bee brain that are affected by nicotine in the human brain. The fact that bees show a preference for food containing neonicotinoids is concerning as it suggests that like nicotine, neonicotinoids may act like a drug to make foods containing these substances more rewarding. If foraging bees prefer to collect nectar containing neonicotinoids, this could have a knock-on negative impact on whole colonies and on bee populations."

And it could be a more common snack for bees than we'd previously thought.

In a statement for the Science Media Centre, Linda Field, Head of Biological Chemistry and Crop Protection at Rothamsted Research (who wasn't involved in the study) pointed out that more evidence would be needed to show that neonicotinoids were doing to bees what nicotine does to humans. And she argued that neonicotinoids might still be the lesser of two evils.

"We also have to consider the reason why we use these compounds: can we afford not to control pest insects? Is it acceptable that yields would be reduced as a result? Are the alternative insecticides any safer to bees? These are questions that a two-year moratorium on neonics is unable to answer," Field said.

But as Britain's two-year moratorium comes up for review this year, the country may be running out of time to come to a definitive answer. And in the United States, the conversation hasn't even truly begun. - Washington Post.

Deer attacks labourer in Hassan, India

A 55-year-old labourer in a coffee plantation was seriously injured when a deer attacked her in Hadya village of Alur taluk on Sunday morning.

Channamma who was working in the estate was injured in the face, stomach, shoulders and chest.

Fellow workers shifted her to the government hospital in Hassan.

The coffee estate belongs to Koloso of Kenchammannana Hoskote in the taluk, said officials.

Forest department officials visited the spot and the hospital and assured that they would pay compensation to the victim.  - The New Indian Express.

Boy in fair condition following attack by family dog in Lancaster, Ohio

Pit bull terrier
A 7-year-old boy was flown to Nationwide Children's Hospital after he was viciously bitten in the face by a dog Sunday night, according to Lancaster police.

"He's a strong little boy and he's going to be fine," said Ashley Robinson, the boy's mother, on Monday.

Police reported that the boy, identified as Cole Robinson, looked down at the dog and it bit him on his face around 7:15 p.m. Sunday. Police responded to an apartment in the 400 block of O'Gara Avenue where the attack occurred, and a helicopter landed in Miller Park to fly the boy to Columbus for treatment.

Robinson said her son has had two surgeries and is doing well. Hospital officials said Cole is in fair condition.

Robinson said Cole could be released in the next couple of days and he is in better condition than people have rumored. One of the rumors, Robinson said, is that Cole lost his eye from the attack, but that isn't true. She said the surgeries were meant to fix the cuts he sustained on his face.

As for the dog, the Fairfield County Humane Society responded to the apartment to collect it. On Monday, humane society officials declined to comment on the case, saying the investigation is ongoing and they have yet to speak to the victim's mother. By looking at the pictures, police said it appears to be an American pitbull terrier mix.

Robinson told the Eagle-Gazette that the dog belongs to a family member and does not have a history of aggression.

"(The dog) was a puppy and he grew up with my little boy," she explained, adding that to her knowledge, her son did nothing to provoke the dog and she isn't sure why the dog attacked him.

"We're still trying to put it all together," she said. - Lancaster Eagle-Gazette.

Deer attacks and injures five people in Odisha, India

A wild deer has allegedly attacked and injured five people in Polasara block of Ganjam district in Odisha.

One of these injured Ramchandra Nahak of Kokabandha village had to be admitted in Polasara Community Health Centre (CHC). Four others of the area have also been injured by this wild deer.

Ramchandra was attacked when he had come out of his home early morning to attend to nature's call. Inhabitants of Sana-Ichhapur have also complained to the forest department about this stray wild deer which is attacking humans.

According to forest officials, this deer may be injured and attacking humans that come close to it. Forest officials have started tracking the deer to capture it and release it in jungle away from human habitats. - The Hindu.

6 year old boy attacked by panther near Manawar, India

6 year old Arjun undergoing treatment at
Manawar Community Health centre.
A six year old boy was attacked by a panther when he was sleeping outside his house in Sadadiya Kua village of Manawar tehsil in Dhar district on Thursday night. He was rushed to the community health centre in Manawar where he was given medical treatment and his condition is now out of danger.

Manawar SDO (Police) Dhiraj Babbar told that Arjun, a six year old boy, a resident of Sadadiya Kua village was sleeping outside his house when the panther picked him up. When Arjun cried loudly, other members of the family shouted on the animal and ran after him, on which it left the child and fled into the jungle. Arjun received injuries in his neck and cheeks as the panther had gripped its jaws on his neck while attacked his face with its paws.

Dhar Divisional Forest Officer Gaurav Chowdhry reached Sadadiya Kua village on Friday afternoon to take a stock of the situation and discussed the issue with the local villagers. Later, on why the man- animal conflicts have increased drastically in the last few years, he said that the habitat of the wild animals has been widely destroyed due to encroachment into forest land and large scale allotment of lease certificates under Forest Rights Act. Due to these two aspects, along with their habitat, fauna is also lost, due to which small animals are not available for the carnivores and they enter into the human settlements in search of cattle for food.

Sometimes, they try to take the human babies also.  - The Times of India.

Northern Minnesota sees a rise in wolves killing dogs

Gray wolf.

Six dogs have been killed by wolves in northern Minnesota in the last five weeks, outpacing last year's total for the entire state.

Minnesota Public Radio News reports most incidents have happened near Duluth. Four other dogs have been seriously hurt.

Controls on gray wolves in Minnesota have been limited since a federal judge put the animal back on the endangered species list in December. Now, Minnesota residents can only kill wolves in defense of human life.

Minnesota also can't hold managed wolf hunts, but if an attack on pets or wildlife is confirmed, federal officials can trap and kill wolves within a half mile of where it happened.

There are about 2,400 wolves in Minnesota, according to the state Department of Natural Resources.

Residents in a rural area between Duluth and Two Harbors say they're seeing more wolves than usual.

Laurie Anderson, who lives in that area, saw her 12-pound poodle, Curly Moe, get taken away by a wolf earlier this month.

"The wolf grabbed Curly by the neck, and headed down toward what we call the West Branch of the Knife River," Anderson said. "And I've never seen my little dog again."

John Hart, supervisor of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Wildlife Services Program in Grand Rapids, said wolves aren't finding as much food in areas where they normally search. He said they're going to where deer are, which happens to be where people live.

Department of Natural Resources officials say residents near wolves shouldn't panic, but should take precautions. Dan Stark, the agency's specialist for large carnivores, said people should feed pets inside and fence yards.

"Wolves live in a lot of different places in northern Minnesota, and don't cause problems, and people rarely have interactions with them," Stark said. "It is just something to be aware of, and in some cases cautious about it."  - LaCrosse Tribune.

FIRE IN THE SKY: Fireball Spotted Over Peterborough, Canada!

April 28, 2015 - CANADA
- A fireball was seen over Peterborough's north end early Wednesday morning.

The meteor was bright light green in colour and split into two parts as it fell through the atmosphere, and could be seen for just a few seconds, around 1:58 a.m. Wednesday.

But unlike the loud daytime meteor heard nearly a year ago in Peterborough, there was no sound associated with Wednesday's fireball.

The fireball was also spotted at that time from Montreal, according to the American Meteor Society.

Meteor sightings were also reported to the American Meteor Society at 1:51 a.m. Wednesday from Niagara Falls, N.Y. and at 2:03 a.m. Wednesday from Ontario.

The Eta Aquariids is the current major meteor shower. It lasts until May 19 with a peak of May 6 and 7.

The April Rho Cygnids and the H Virginids showers were also active on Wednesday, according to the American Meteor Society. - The Peterborough Examiner.