Saturday, May 24, 2014

THE EUROPEAN EXO-SKELETON & TERMINATOR NOW: The Rise Of The Machines - Inspired By The "TERMINATOR" Movies, Crazed Euro-American Scientists Create SELF-ASSEMBLING BIONIC PARTICLES?!

May 24, 2014 -  TECHNOLOGY & EUROPEAN EXO-SKELETON - The world took one significant step closer to inventing a real-life cybernetic organism as US scientists, inspired by the Terminator movie, combined organic matter with semiconductors in a process that replicates plants’ transformation of light into fuel.


AFP Photo/Yoshikazu Tsuno

The breakthrough is quite significant, scientists at universities in Michigan and Pittsburgh believe. Their blend of a chemical used in solar panels and a plant protein that acts during photosynthesis “recreate the process that allows plants to turn sunlight into fuel,” the Michigan press-release cites the team as saying.

“Human endeavors to transform the energy of sunlight into biofuels using either artificial materials or whole organisms have low efficiency," Nicholas Kotov, Florence B. Cejka Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan and leader of the study explained.

But what he and his peers have accomplished with their bionic approach is a true step forward, as it combines two of the most important features of its components – the strength of inorganic materials – which convert light into electronic energy – with biological molecules, whose chemical attributes bring those mechanical processes to life.

The components are, respectably, cadmium telluride and cytochrome C. The semiconductor drinks in the sunlight and turns it into an electron, while the cytochrome C transports that electron in a process of photosynthesis.

The nanoparticles and molecules function together by exchanging electrons. And since the closer the two are, the better, the research team decided to combine the two into a single organism with the ability to act on its own and create particles that turn themselves into super-particles with own functions.

"We merged biological and inorganic in a way that leverages the attributes of both to get something better than either alone," said U-M's Sharon Glotzer, the Stuart W. Churchill Professor of Chemical Engineering, who led the simulations.

During an experiment, the scientists turned the pollutant nitrate into nitrite and oxygen, proving that bionic particles could harness sunlight to drive chemical reactions.

They believe that the particle, which took a beating from handling the energy, may be able to renew itself – like the plants do.

For now, the scientists are looking to achieve the conversion of carbon dioxide and water into natural gas, which would result in a larger part of the modern energy infrastructure working with no net carbon emissions.

However, their discovery has a potential of truly sci-fi proportions and may eventually bring some of humanity’s dream and nightmares to life.

"These design principles can be used to guide future designs for other bionic systems, starting from the primary building blocks of biological organisms and inorganic machines," Kotov said. "It is very possible that Terminator of the future would need to be constructed starting from such building blocks." - RT.



GLOBAL AWAKENING: Embracing Of Mother Nature And Detaching From European Vampirism - Worldwide March Against Monsanto; Global Event Challenging The Parasitic Agricultural Behemoth!

May 24, 2014 -  EARTH - A global event challenging the agricultural behemoth Monsanto’s efforts to dominate the world food supply is taking place across the globe as millions of anti-GMO activists join forces against the biotech giant. More than 400 cities will march against Monsanto.


Image from Twitter/@NewsRevo

The march against the US chemical and agricultural company Monsanto is an effort to boycott the use of Genetically Modified Organisms in food production.

Marches were planned in 52 countries in addition to some 47 US states that are jointing in the protest.


WATCH: Global March - Protests around world against Monsanto.



“MAM supports a sustainable food production system. We must act now to stop GMOs and harmful pesticides,” said Tami Monroe Canal , founder of March Against Monsanto (MAM) in a press release ahead of the global event.

The movement was formed after the 2012 California Proposition 37 on mandatory labeling of genetically engineered food initiative failed, prompting activists to demand a boycott of the GMO in food production.

“Monsanto's predatory business and corporate agriculture practices threaten their generation's health, fertility and longevity,” Canal said.


Twitter/@RT_com

The main aim of the activism is to organize global awareness for the need to protect food supply, local farms and environment. It seeks to promote organic solutions, while “exposing cronyism between big business and the government.”

Activists claim that Monsanto spent hundreds of millions of dollars to “obstruct all labeling attempts” while suppressing all “research containing results not in their favor.”

Birth defects, organ damage, infant mortality, sterility and increased cancer risks are just some of the side-effects GMO is believed to cause.

“That is what the scientists have learned about, that the genetically modified foods will increase allergies that they are going to be less nutritious and that they can possibly or very contain toxins that can make us ill,” Organic Consumers Association's political director Alexis Baden-Mayer said.

In India Monsanto controls about 95 percent of the cotton seed market trapping the country's small farmers in unpayable debt.

“284,000 farmers have committed suicide in India because of debt linked to seed and chemicals,” Vandana Shiva, an Indian environmental activist and anti-globalization author said in a press release ahead of the March Against Monsanto.


Small anti demo today in good signs though.

“Monsanto have claimed more than 1500 climate resilient patents, and are hoping to use the climate crisis to make even bigger profits,” Shiva says claiming that “Monsanto wants super profits through total control over nature and humanity.”

“If we fail to realize that March Against Monsanto is not about GMOs alone, then we have already lost the battle,” said the founder of the March Against Monsanto's Agent Orange awareness program, Kelly L. Derricks ahead of the march, Center of Research for Globalization quotes.

The organization's main role is to increase awareness of Agent Orange, manufactured by Monsanto during the Vietnam War era and used by US forces in herbicide warfare that killing tens of thousands.

GMOs have been partially banned in a number of countries, including Germany , Japan , and Russia but yet in most countries across the globe still feed GMOs to their animals.

Citing the US example, Baden-Mayer told that “it is hard to distinguish the company Monsanto from the players in the US government.”

“Most of the genetically modified crops grown in the US, almost all of them end up in factory farms, concentrated in animal feeding operations,” stating that US has enough grassland to pasture and raise “100 percent grass-fed beef” and produce even more grass fed beef than is raised on “modified corn and soy.”

One year ago over 2 million people in 436 cities in 52 countries worldwide marched against the largest producer of genetically engineered seeds.


Image from Twitter/@AnarchoAnon

Around 5,000 activists attend the March Against Monsanto in San Francisco . The gathering point was the Union Square.

In North Dakota 's capital, Bismarck , organizers also planned to make their voice heard.

“GMOs are plants or animals that have been genetically modified using DNA material from other plants, animals, bacteria or viruses,” March organizer Jessica Horst was quoted by a local publication. “While there is a number of agriculture biotechnology companies engaged in producing GMOs, Monsanto is the largest.”

One of the main hotspots of the world's wine industry, Sonoma County in California plans to march on Memorial Day.

Occupy Sonoma County is collaborating with the March against Monsanto global action and is planning to host a potluck and barn dance to make the event fun for the entire family.


WATCH: Dance off against GMOs in Seoul, South Korea.

 


Free food samples will be provided by some whom the organization calls “Food Heroes” listed in “GMO Food Heroes and Health Food Traitors Shopper's Guide.” A free non-GMO seed exchange is also organized.

The GMO Free Sonoma County movement is working locally on an ordinance to prohibit propagation, cultivation, raising and growing GMOs in Sonoma County.

Hacktivist group Anonymous gave their blessing for a March against Monsanto, saying that “those who oppose Monsanto's destructive impact on our biosphere and our food supply will have their voices heard.”

In a video posted ahead of the global event the activists accuse Monsanto of a profit-driven approach.

Activists in five Ohio cities this weekend are joining up to protest the practices of the biotech giant.

March Against Monsanto events will be held in Cincinnati , Columbus , Cleveland , Dayton and Maumee to draw attention to the use of GMOs that are thought to impact human health.


Bangaloreans take to the streets to kick Monsanto out of India #marchagainstmonsanto Twitter/@Brikesh

"In other countries, genetically modified organisms are altogether banned or they at least have labeling laws that require the companies to label if there are genetically modified organisms in the food,” Hannah Daniels, an organizer of the march in Cleveland told the local news station ahead of the event. “And in America , there is nothing like that at all."

Thousands of Arizona residents are expected to gather in downtown Tempe to take part in the global action day against Monsanto.

The march is being described as a family event where parents are encouraged to dress their kids as ladybugs, bees with wings and antennae.

Chattanooga , the fourth-largest city in the US state of Tennessee is also hosting an anti-Monsanto rally, with face-painting scheduled to begin at 1pm local time, before marching starts through downtown. The organizers will be giving away seedlings and information about Monsanto.

Participants are asked to bring signs, music makers, extra seedlings and a wagon or wheelbarrow. The event is organized to be kid-friendly with chalk art, seed-bomb making, and sliding down a grassy hill.


Twitter/@greenpeaceindia

“I don't think a chemical company known for producing Agent Orange should produce and control the majority of our seeds. It is time we demand transparency and accountability,” Drew Miller, lead organizer of the Chattanooga March Against Monsanto said.

Agroecology and not biotechnology is the way to sustainable agriculture and to tackle world hunger, believes the organizer of the march in Ecuador.

“Monsanto's harmful practices are causing soil infertility, mono-cropping, loss of biodiversity, habitat destruction, and contributing to beehive collapse. GMO crops cross pollinate with traditional crops, risking peasant farmers' livelihood,” Josh Castro, organizer for the Quito March Against Monsanto movement.

Follow the event on Twitter.

Follow LIVE UPDATES on RT.

- Counter Currents.



EARTH CHANGES: Monumental Signs Of The Times - Two Bolts Of Lightning Strike One World Trade Center; Unusually Warm Pacific May Cause U.S. Winter Freeze, Study Finds; China Earthquake Damages Homes, Causes Injuries; Floods Wipe Out Entire Towns In Balkans; Rare Dust Storm Blew Over Reno, Nevada; And Mexico City Sinkhole Causes 20 Families To Evacuate! [PHOTOS+VIDEOS]

May 24, 2014 -  EARTH - The following stories constitutes some of the latest incidents of Earth changes across the globe.

Two Bolts Of Lightning Strike One World Trade Center


As a thunderstorm passed over New York City Friday night, photojournalist Gary Hershorn captured two bolts of lightning hitting the spire on top of One World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan.

A seasoned photographer and photo editor, Hershorn described how he captured the photo: “I saw the storm clouds forming while I was shooting some pictures of lower Manhattan from Jersey City right across from One World Trade Center.

Here are two more images, courtesy of social media:



And one right on the spire @FreedomTowerNY Gorgeous stormy gotham @t3nman

I was shooting with a point and shoot camera so I raced home and grabbed my real camera and tripod and went to a gazebo next to the Hudson River and shot endless 10 second exposures hoping to catch the bolts of lightning. I shot about 150 pictures and 6 frames had lightning bolts. I missed about 5 others in between frames.

WATCH:
Here's looped video of the event, via NBC New York:




I was able to shoot from a covered spot in the pouring rain. It feels like I spend half my life shooting the New York skyline but have been waiting for years to have the perfect electrical storm around sunset…[T]he light in the sky was nicely balanced with the lightning and the brightness of the buildings on the skyline.” - TIME.


Unusually Warm Pacific May Cause U.S. Winter Freeze, Study Finds
Eastern US had a series of winter storms earlier this year. Photo: Reuters

Unusually warm western Pacific waters linked to global warming may be the paradoxical cause of a bone-chilling winter in parts of the United States this year, a scientific study said on Thursday.

The theory contrasts with other experts' views, including that the freeze was simply a freak natural event or that it was linked to a thawing of the Arctic in recent years that sent a blast of cold air south.

"People's reaction when they sit under 10 feet of snow is to say 'this cannot be man-made climate change'," said Professor Tim Palmer of Oxford University, who published his research in the journal Science. "But there is a plausible link," he told Reuters.

He said a strengthening of trade winds had led to a build-up of warm water in the western tropical Pacific, aggravated in recent years by global warming from man-made emissions of greenhouse gases.

Thunderstorms linked to the warmth in turn disrupted the jetstream, high altitude winds which flow in vast meandering loops around the northern hemisphere, and sucked cold air from the Arctic. Detroit, for instance, suffered record snows and the coldest January since 1977.

Pinpointing the causes of the US chill, when climate change should make cold winters less likely, would help companies, farmers, city planners or even home owners wondering if they should invest in extra roof insulation.

Two other experts were unconvinced by Palmer's study.

Arctic link

Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University, who wrote in 2011 that a melting of Arctic ice may cause cold snaps, said the Pacific had a similar pattern of heavy rainfall in 2011-12 but the winter was mild in the United States.

"In both cases the jet stream's path was extremely amplified or wavy, which is exactly the sort of behaviour we expect to occur more frequently in association with rapid Arctic warming," she told Reuters.

She said that the tropics might also be contributing, but that there seemed little evidence of this.

Martin Hoerling, of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Physical Sciences Division, said he reckoned the most plausible explanation of the cold North American winter was a "freak of nature".

He said that there was no sign of a link between Pacific sea temperatures and US winters in records from 1948 to 2012. And he also said Francis's Arctic theory "has not been affirmed by subsequent studies by a variety of researchers".

So far there is limited understanding of how weather in one part of the world can affect another.

Weather experts agree, however, that the El Nino weather phenomenon that mainly cools the eastern Pacific Ocean every few years can cause droughts or downpours on other continents.

Palmer told Reuters that his theory, building on a 1980s study he wrote suggesting a link between a chill 1976-77 US winter and a warm Pacific, could be tested because there are signs that an El Nino will form later this year.

An El Nino would also cool the western Pacific and that meant a cold US winter was less likely in 2014-15, he said.

A U.N. panel of climate scientists says it is at least 95 per cent probable that human activities, led by burning fossil fuels, are the main cause of warming since the 1950s, and will cause more heatwaves, floods and rising sea levels. - The Age.


China Earthquake Damages Homes, Causes Injuries
USGS earthquake location map.

A moderate earthquake struck southwest China on Saturday, injuring about a dozen people and damaging thousands of houses.

The earthquake struck early in the morning in quake-prone Yingjiang county in Yunnan province, near China's border with Myanmar. The U.S. Geological Survey said it had a magnitude of 5.6.

The province's seismological bureau said on its microblog that more than 9,000 houses were damaged, with a dozen collapsing. It said 13 people suffered minor injuries. - FOX News.


Floods Wipe Out Entire Towns In Balkans
Flooding and landslides destroyed homes in Krupanj, Serbia. At least 49 people have been
killed already by the worst floods in central Europe for a century.
Andrej Isakovic/AFP/Getty

Serbia on Tuesday declared three days of national mourning and reported another death in the worst rainfall to hit the Balkan region in living memory, even as the rising River Sava threatened more havoc.

Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic said the death toll in the town of Obrenovac, southwest of Belgrade, alone had reached 14.

At least 40 people have died in Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia, after days of the heaviest rainfall since records began 120 years ago caused rivers to burst their banks and triggered hundreds of landslides.

On Serbia's border with Bosnia, the mayor of Mali Zvornik said an "entire hill" was threatening to slide into the River Drina and flood the town and neighbouring Zvornik. Obrenovac was almost deserted, evacuated by police and soldiers on fears of a new flood wave.

In northern Bosnia, the Sava broke sandbag defences overnight and flooded several villages near the town of Orasje.

The government in Bosnia says more than 1 million people, or a quarter of the population, have been affected by the flooding and landslides, comparing the destruction to that of the country's 1992-95 war.

Soldiers, volunteers and energy workers continued to reinforce flood defences at the Kostolac coal-fired power plant east of Belgrade, where Energy Minister Slobodan Antic said the "crisis isn't over".

"We need pumps, pumps and pumps," he told a televised cabinet session.

Officials said they believed the Nikola Tesla plant in Obrenovac, 30 km (18 miles) southwest of Belgrade, was largely out of danger. The plant covers roughly half of Serbia's electricity needs, but has been working at only partial capacity, forcing the country to boost imports.

Serbia's Vucic declared three days of mourning Wednesday-Friday. Bosnia held its own day of mourning on Tuesday.

Some Serbian media reports questioned whether authorities had reacted quickly enough to warnings of impending floods, after the skies dumped several months worth of rain on the region within the space of a few days.

Ratko Ristic, a professor at the state Forestry Faculty in Belgrade, said poor coordination, chaotic urban planning and a lack of proper flood-protection mechanisms after decades of negligence were to blame for the devastation.

"The weather conditions were really unheard of in the last 120 years, but the damage wouldn't have been so grave if we took more care of our rivers and if we had a proper flood protection system in place," Risic told state broadcaster Radio-Television Serbia. - Newsweek.


Rare Dust Storm Blew Over Reno, Nevada
Scott McGuire/National Weather Service

A giant cloud of dust shooting at least 5,000 feet in the sky blew through Reno Thursday evening for what meteorologists called a "very rare" occurrence.

"I've been here 10 years and I've never seen it in Reno," said Jim Wallmann, a meteorologist for the National Weather Service in Reno.

Dust storms are common in the Middle East and referred to as haboobs, derived from the Arabic term habb meaning "to blow."

And blow it did in Reno.

Just before 6 p.m. Thursday, meteorologists noticed thunderstorms in Fallon. In eastern and central Nevada locations - such as Fallon, Lovelock and Winnemucca - it's not rare for thunderstorms to shoot bursts of wind at the ground, picking up large amounts of dust.

Thursday's dust storm arrived with easterly gusts into Reno. At about 9 p.m., winds started pushing dust into the Truckee Meadows, lasting close to an hour for many locations in Reno and Sparks. Easterly winds resulted from a low-pressure system - the same one that brought rains this week - moving south.

The circulation of the low system created the easterly winds, which aren't rare in Reno, but usually aren't coupled with thunderstorms.

Gusts east of Reno reached 50 mph, and sustained winds of 30 mph kept the dust moving into the Truckee Meadows.​​

Authorities did not receive reports of damage, and the Reno-Tahoe International Airport said it did not have delays as a result of the dust storm, but photos taken resembled apocalyptic scenes from summer blockbuster films.

Visibility dropped to less than 1 mile in some areas, the weather service said in a tweet.

When asked if they kept recorded histories of dust storms in Reno, meteorologists with the National Weather Service said they did not. - RGJ.


Mexico City Sinkhole Causes 20 Families To Evacuate
SPECIAL

With a length of 15 meters and a depth of at least 10 meters, the sinkhole forced security to evacuate. No injuries were recorded.

A sinkhole which originated on the corner of Águila Blanquinegra and James Watt, Perimeter Village San Simon Culhuacán, forced the the Iztapalapa authorities to evict at least 20 families.

The rupture of a water pipe with a diameter of 50 inches, belonging to the Water System of the City of Mexico, caused by several days of leaking, the cavity, which is 15 meters wide and almost 10 meters deep.

The local authorities have provided the affected families to stay at a hotel close by for elderly, while they have established a temporary shelter for the young.

Civil protection authorities have reported that there are five homes with severe damage.


WATCH: Sinkhole in Mexico City.

 

- Excelsior. [Translation: Sott.net]



DISASTER PRECURSORS: The Latest Incidents Of Strange Animal Behavior - Campbeltown Fishing Boat Hauls In Dead Minke Whale In Scottish Waters; The Last 55 Of The World's Rarest Species Of Dolphins Could Disappear From Maui, New Zealand; Giant Jellyfish Invasion Seen Off The Coast Of Cornwall, UK; Rare Bermuda Seabird Spotted Off Kerry Coast, Ireland; And Unusual Moose Behavior In Canada Raises Questions! [PHOTOS+VIDEOS]

May 24, 2014 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.


Campbeltown Fishing Boat Hauls In Dead Minke Whale In Scottish Waters
The whale is believed to have been dead before it was caught.

A Campbeltown fishing boat made a surprise catch on Tuesday, May 20 - substantially larger than its usual target of prawns.

The crew of The Crest discovered a 26ft-long,three-ton minke whale snared in their equipment at Kilbrannon Sound off Peninver. They believe it was already dead when caught.

Crowds gathered to look at the giant of the sea after it was landed at Campbeltown New Quay around midday.

- Campbeltown Courier.



The Last 55 Of The World's Rarest Species Of Dolphins Could Disappear From Maui, New Zealand
Maui's dolphin. File photo / Glenn Jeffrey

The last remaining 55 of world's rarest species of dolphins could disappear within three decades if New Zealand doesn't act now, wildlife advocates say.

The Last 55 campaign was launched by WWF-New Zealand at the Maritime Museum in Auckland today, calling on the Government to extend protection of marine reserves to cover the habitats of Maui's dolphins.

The campaign launched a petition to attempt to collect 55,000 signatures before this year's general election.

"Today, WWF is saying enough is enough. We're running out of time," said WWF-NZ executive director Chris Howe.

"It is election year, and we believe all politicians must act."

Maui's dolphins are an inshore coastal species with limited home range, slow to breed, and only found in the West Coast of the North Island.

The species has been in rapid decline since the fishing practice of set-netting and trawling was introduced during the 1970s, when the dolphins numbered around 1800.

Now only 55 remain.

The International Whaling Commission reiterated calls last week for the Government to step up measures to protect Maui's Dolphins, saying they could face imminent extinction by 2031.
Over the last 10 years, measures have been slowly introduced to protect the species, but Mr Howe said they were nowhere near far enough. "There's a variety of set-netting and trawling restrictions in different places, but it only covers less than half of the land, so you've got dolphins that are still at risk of being caught in the nets."

The Last 55 campaign will call on the Government to extend full ban on set-netting and trawling to an area between Maunganui Bluff to the Whanganui River mouth, and extending 100 metres out from the coast.

"If you only protect them in half or less, you don't get half the dolphins, you get a decline towards extinction," said Mr Howe.

A Facebook app, designed by Ogilvy & Mather, was launched alongside the petition, and allows users to visualise losing their entire friends list except for 55 people. Users on other social media platforms can participate through creating and sharing a 55 minute-long Spotify music playlist.

"55 is a sad number, but it's also a motivating number because it demands attention," said Angus Hennah, Ogilvy & Mather New Zealand executive creative director.

A 2012 government-appointed panel of experts found the practice of set-netting and trawling killed an average of five Maui's dolphins per year.

"It's a very fine nylon mesh, and the dolphins can't detect this net, so they get tangled in it and drown," WWF marine species advocate Milena Palka.

While extending protective measures would affect the fishing industry, Ms Palka said the Government needed to step in and help research alternative methods of fishing. She pointed to the example of the Gulf of California porpoise (vaquita), the world's most endangered small marine cetacean, where the Mexican Government compensated fishermen and helped them change to less harmful equipment. - NZ Herald.


Giant Jellyfish Invasion Seen Off The Coast Of Cornwall, UK
Ben Dunstan spotted thousands of barrel jellyfish making their way to the shore.
GETTY/SWNS

Amazing video shows the moment a paraglider spotted an invasion of giant jellyfish heading straight for Britain's beaches.

Ben Dunstan was using a GoPro camera attached to his helmet to film a friend's boat as he glided overhead.

But as the 32-year-old travelled along above the clear waters off Gerrans Bay, Cornwall, he was distracted by a menacing sight.

Mr Dunstan spotted a horde of hundreds of tropical Barrel jellyfish drifting towards the shore.

Barrel jellyfish are usually found in warmer water, but several have been sighted in British seas recently.

Although their sting is minor, the bizarre-looking creatures look especially creepy because of their shocking 3ft length.


WATCH: Jellyfish off the coast of Cornwall.



Ben, a digger driver from Falmouth, Cornwall, often takes to the skies on his paramotor - a glider fitted with a motor - but has never seen so many of the slimy creatures before.

He said: "I often go up in my paramotor and I see the odd jellyfish but I've never seen anything like this.

"There were thousands of them - it was unbelievable. The higher I was the more I could see, they were everywhere.


The jellyfish were so big Ben could spot them as he glided over the water. SWNS


"They were pretty big as I was able to see them from really high up.

"I was originally going up to film my friend in his new boat, then I came across all of the jellyfish - it was like an invasion."

Scientists believes the influx of jellyfish has been caused by last winter's flooding.

They say the high level of nutrients washed into the sea after a number of coastal rivers burst their banks is attracting rich plankton, which jellyfish feed on.

The season was the wettest winter since records began in 1910. - Express.


Rare Bermuda Seabird Spotted Off Kerry Coast, Ireland

 One of the world's rarest birds - once thought extinct for over 300 years - has been spotted off the Kerry coast.

The Bermuda petrel, better known as the Cahow, was observed by crew members of the Celtic Voyager - the Irish Marine Institute's research vessel.

The "astonishing" sighting of the endangered seabird took place off Kerry on Monday. Within hours, the Bermuda Audubon Society confirmed the report through data emitted by the bird's electronic geolocator.

The medium-sized Cahow is the national bird of Bermuda.

It is currently being "laboriously brought back from the brink" by conservationists with only about 180 of the species known to exist.

A slow-breeding ground-nester, the bird was wiped out during the 1600s when colonisation of the North Atlantic island introduced species such as boars, cats, dogs and rats.

It was rediscovered on the island in 1951.

The RV Celtic Voyager crew including Niall Keogh and Ryan Wilson-Parr, spotted the bird as they undertook a survey of cetaceans and seabirds about 170 nautical miles north west of Slea Head.

They filed a report with the Irish Birding website which noted: "It was on view for a maximum of one minute before heading off in a south east direction."

BirdWatch Ireland development officer Niall Hatch described the sighting as "astonishing". He said it was the first official sighting of the bird in Irish waters.

"This is a species that had been thought extinct for over 300 years until its dramatic rediscovery in 1951 and, since then, it has been the subject of a remarkably successful conservation project," said Mr Hatch. - Irish Examiner.


Unusual Moose Behavior In Canada Raises Questions


An experienced woodsman on the west coast is raising concerns after witnessing some unusual and alarming behaviour in a moose. Jack Besaw was out on his ATV near Black Duck Siding last weekend when he noticed the animal walking around in circles and banging into trees. He says he's never seen anything like it before.


WATCH: Unusual moose behavior.

 


He says the animal, which appeared otherwise healthy, was walking in tight circles like a dog chasing its tail. It eventually left the railbed, and lay down in the woods. The Department of Environment says circling behaviour is generally associated with brain worm infection or other neurological trauma, but without a more detailed investigation, officials say it's difficult to say for certain. Brain worm infections are typically associated with caribou, but confirmed cases have been seen in moose. - VOCM.



FIRE IN THE SKY: Watch The 5,000 Meteoroids That Bombard Earth Each Day In REAL TIME - Map Plots Where Comet Debris Is Burning Up Above Our Heads!

May 24, 2014 - SPACE - Every day, more than 40 tonnes of meteoroids hit our atmosphere.


The blue map follows their position in the sky using the Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar (CMOR).

The main showers are highlighted with circles and listed by their International Astronomical Union name.
A second radar map on the bottom looks at meteoroid speed.

Many are tiny specks of comet dust that crumble harmlessly in Earth's atmosphere, producing a slow drizzle of meteors in the night sky.

Bigger chunks of asteroid and comet debris create dozens of nightly fireballs around the planet - and now, these real-time maps mean you'll never have to miss one again.

Nasa's meteoroid visualisations are produced using the space agency's Asgard software program which tracks an estimated 4,000-5,000 meteoroids a day.

The blue map follows their position in the sky using the Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar (CMOR). The main showers are highlighted with circles and listed by their International Astronomical Union name.

A second radar map looks at meteoroid speed. The red regions indicate a speed of 7.5 miles/s (12km/s), the green from 26 miles/s (42km/s) and the blue from 41 miles/s (66km/s).

WHICH ROCK IS WHICH?

An asteroid is a large chunk of rock left over from collisions or the early solar system.
Most are located between Mars and Jupiter in the Main Belt.
A comet is a rock covered in ice, methane and other compounds. Their orbits take them much further out of the solar system.

A meteor is what we call a flash of light in the atmosphere when debris burns up.

This debris itself is known as a meteoroid. Most are so small they are vapourised in the atmosphere.

If any of this meteoroid makes it to Earth, it is called a meteorite.
Meteors, meteoroids and meteorites normally originate from asteroids and comets.

The top left hand corner of the map shows the date and time of the data, which Nasa claims to be near real-time.
The data is constructed using a network of 12 cameras, six of which are placed in north Alabama, north Georgia, southern Tennessee, and southern North Carolina.

A further four are in the northern Ohio/Pennsylvania area, and the remaining two are located in southern New Mexico. The cameras have overlapping fields of view, which means that the same fireball can be detected by more than one camera.

This allows Nasa to calculate the height of the fireball and how fast it is going. They can also work out the orbit of the meteoroid responsible for creating the fireball, which gives clues about whether it came from a comet or an asteroid.

If a camera captures an image of a fireball, it is uploaded to the Asgard site, with images dating back to three weeks.


The data is constructed using a network of 12 cameras, six of which are placed in
north Alabama, north Georgia, southern Tennessee, and southern North Carolina.

Pictured here are two images taken from the camera network in the past three weeks. The bottom one
shows a streak of light which could be a meteor as it burns up in Earth atmosphere.
Pictured are pectacular meteors during a Leonid meteor shower over Joshua Tree National Park in California.
A meteor is what we call a flash of light in the atmosphere when debris burns up. This debris itself
is known as a meteoroid. Most are so small they are vapourised in the atmosphere.

If the fireball is travelling slow enough, and makes it low enough, it is possible that it can survive to the ground as a meteorite.

Earlier this month, an incredible animation for MailOnline was unveiled that lets you scroll and zoom around the world as meteorite impacts from recorded history unfold before your eyes.

The map was created by data journalist Simon Rogers, and shows where asteroids have impacted over the last thousand years.

Scrolling around the world, you can see where some of the biggest hotspots are. And it also highlights how vulnerable our planet is to asteroids.

Nasa estimates that just 1 per cent of the millions of asteroids in our solar system have been found.

But, although you can see recorded impacts on land in these animations, most asteroids that encounter Earth either explode in the atmosphere or land at sea.

This means the vast majority are unrecorded and, as we don't know the location of every asteroid in the solar system, we're not sure when one will next hit.

WATCH: 1,000 years of Meteors in 30 seconds.




- Daily Mail.



GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Volcano Report For May 24, 2014 - Major Updates On Nishino-shima, Sakurajima, Kavachi, Dukono, Santiaguito, Sinabung, Fuego, Kilauea, Merapi, And Chaparrastique! [PHOTOS+GRAPH+VIDEO]

May 24, 2014 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe, courtesy of  Volcano Discovery.

Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands): The eruption on the remote island continues. The most recent overflight pictures by the Japanese Coast Guard show two active vents, one with a small lava-filled vent likely producing strombolian explosions, the other emitting a steam and gas plume.


Nishino-shima on 21 May 2014 (Japanese Coast Guard)

At least some lava flows remain active and reach the coast, continuing to enlarge the island (visible by steam generated at the fronts).


Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): Following a week with no recorded vulcanian explosions, two relatively strong ones occurred this morning, producing ash plumes that rose to 11-12,000 ft (3.3-3.6 km) altitude.


Eruption of Sakurajima this morning (Tarumizu City webcam)

Since then, the Showa crater has been constantly venting ash.


WATCH: Sakurajima volcano activity - May 23, 2014.




Kavachi (Solomon Islands): It is likely that some volcanic activity has continued intermittently at the undersea volcano after a discolored water plume was first spotted on 29 January this year.


Satellite images showing a discolored water plume from Kavachi (NASA, compiled and annotated by Culture Volcan)

Although no further signs of activity were visible on clear days after the first sightings, satellite images from 21 March and 8 May, compiled by Culture Volcan, showed again significant plumes originating from the volcano. This suggests that activity (if any) has been occurring in short-lived pulses rather than continuously.


Dukono (Halmahera): A volcanic ash plume extending 60 km west and at estimated 11,000 ft (3.3 km) altitude was spotted by VAAC Darwin this morning.


Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Following the partial collapse of the upper part of the Caliente lava dome on 9 May, the activity of Santiaguito has remained relatively low.

It consisted mainly in degassing, sometimes interrupted by weak to moderate explosions, and continuing rockfalls in the upper part of the dome.


Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): VAAC Darwin raised the Aviation Color Code to "Red" after a possible major ash plume was spotted on satellite imagery. According to the original report, a possible ash plume rose to estimated 50,000 ft (15 km) altitude 12:32 UTC on 22 May and drifted SW. The height was later reduced to 35,000 ft (12 km).


The possible ash plume from Sinabung and predicted trajectory
(VAAC Darwin; MTSAT; annotations by @CultureVolcan / Twitter)


It is unclear if the plume was a volcanic ash plume, in which case it would suggest a major explosion occurred at the volcano. However, VSI and local media did not report any usual activity at the volcano, suggesting that most likely the observed plume was from a storm cloud.


Fuego (Guatemala): Activity has remained elevated but with a decreasing trend. INSIVUMEH reports weak to moderate strombolian explosions that eject incandescent material to up to 100 m above the crater and produces ash plumes of aup to 500 m height. The lava flow towards the Barranca Taniluyá was reduced to a length of 150 meters.

Heavy rainfall generated lahars channeled into the river beds of Las Lajas and El Jute, carrying volcanic material and blocks of different sizes.


Kilauea (Hawai'i): After a week of many changes here on Kilauea, summit tilemeters recorded slowing inflationary tilt. The summit tiltmeters recorded the start of inflationary tilt at 6:30pm on Saturday May 17th - this suggests that the unusual deflationary tilt recorded since May 10 may have been a DI tilt event that totaled almost 8 microradians before the tilt switched.

Because of this deflationary tilt the lava lake dropped around 20m (65ft) is has stabilized at 58m (191ft) below the floor of Halema'uma'u crater. There were 3 days last week that over 100 earthquakes were recorded at the summit of Kilauea each day!

Along the East Rift Zone at Pu'u 'O'o minimal activity was recorded. Most of the flows on the crater floor stopped or slowed, however over the past 48 hours the activity to the Northeast and South of the cinder cone gained momentum.


Merapi (Central Java, Indonesia): The Indonesian Volcanological Survey (VSI) lowered the alert level of Merapi back to "Normal" (1 out of 4). This decision came after signs of unrest had recently decreased again:


Merapi volcano recently (VSI)

- Earthquake activity decreased both in number and type during the past weeks.
- Deformation data showed no inflation, but a currently stable behavior of the volcanic edifice.
- "No rumbles and booms were heard in the last 2 weeks".

However, the volcano remains dangerous. It is still recommended not to climb to Merapi beyond Pasarbubar at 2500 m asl, or approach the summit within 1 km, because phreatic explosions could still occur with little warning.


San Miguel (El Salvador): An eruption of the Chaparrastique volcano in the near future is becoming more and more likely. Tremor continues to rise and pulsating gas emissions have become stronger and sometimes contain small amounts of volcanic ash.


Ash puffs from Chaparrastique volcano on May 19th.

The increased tremor and gas emissions suggest movements of hot fluids (gasses, water, magma) into the volcano's shallow plumbing system. MARN expects an eruption either from the central crater or a flank vent on the northern side (where most microseismic activity has been focused).


Tremor amplitude over the past years (SNET)

According to SNET, the fine ash that was observed during recent days was "juvenile", i.e. originating from fresh magma (as opposed to fragmented old material). Technically, the volcano is therefore already in eruption.

Civil Protection ordered the immediate eviction of 800 to 1,000 people living near the volcano.


Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for May 24, 2014.

- Volcano Discovery.



PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Greece - One Injury And Some Damage Reported; Hundreds Flee Homes In Turkey; Tremor Felt As Far As Jordan, Israel And Palestine! [MAPS+TECTONIC SUMMARY]

May 24, 2014 - GREECE - A magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck 18km off Greece’s southern coast in the Aegean Sea, near Kamariotissa at a depth of 10km. One injury and some damage were reported in the nearby city of Lemnos. Hundreds have fled their homes in neighboring Turkey.


Powerful 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Greece!
USGS earthquake location map.


The under-sea quake has reportedly caused one person to be injured, according to local police, as cited by the AP.

There are reports of people feeling tremors all the way in Turkey, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories. Initial reports by the USGS reported a 6.4 magnitude, while the Institute of Geophysics at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki put the strength at 6.3. The epicenter was estimated to be between Samothraki and Lemnos. Local police in the latter report a part of the airport's ceiling has collapsed, which caused the one injury - a British female tourist.

Local media report that the quake was felt in many major parts of Greece, both in the south and the north, in Athens and Thessaloniki. Aftershocks reportedly hit 6.7 in Turkey's Istanbul, Izmir and Canakkale, as hundreds fled their homes, fearing structural collapsing.

Powerful 6.9 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Greece!
USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

Weak aftershocks were felt as far as the Bulgarian capital, Sofia.

The event took place in a seismically active region, where instances are quite common. The last such earthquake was in August 2013 - a 5.1 that struck about 125km north of Athens, with witnesses reporting tremors in the capital.

The country does face occasional shakes, but they are usually not very powerful. However, a 1999 5.9 event was quite devastating, killing 143 people. - RT.


Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the Mediterranean Region and Vicinity.
The Mediterranean region is seismically active due to the northward convergence (4-10 mm/yr) of the African plate with respect to the Eurasian plate along a complex plate boundary. This convergence began approximately 50 Ma and was associated with the closure of the Tethys Sea. The modern day remnant of the Tethys Sea is the Mediterranean Sea. The highest rates of seismicity in the Mediterranean region are found along the Hellenic subduction zone of southern Greece, along the North Anatolian Fault Zone of western Turkey and the Calabrian subduction zone of southern Italy.



USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Local high rates of convergence at the Hellenic subduction zone (35mm/yr) are associated with back-arc spreading throughout Greece and western Turkey above the subducting Mediterranean oceanic crust. Crustal normal faulting throughout this region is a manifestation of extensional tectonics associated with the back-arc spreading. The region of the Marmara Sea is a transition zone between this extensional regime, to the west, and the strike-slip regime of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, to the east. The North Anatolian Fault accommodates much of the right-lateral horizontal motion (23-24 mm/yr) between the Anatolian micro-plate and Eurasian plate as the Anatolian micro-plate is being pushed westward to further accommodate closure of the Mediterranean basin caused by the collision of the African and Arabian plates in southeastern Turkey. Subduction of the Mediterranean Sea floor beneath the Tyrrhenian Sea at the Calabrian subduction zone causes a significant zone of seismicity around Sicily and southern Italy. Active volcanoes are located above intermediate depth earthquakes in the Cyclades of the Aegean Sea and in southern Italy.

In the Mediterranean region there is a written record, several centuries long, documenting pre-instrumental seismicity (pre-20th century). Earthquakes have historically caused widespread damage across central and southern Greece, Cyprus, Sicily, Crete, the Nile Delta, Northern Libya, the Atlas Mountains of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. The 1903 M8.2 Kythera earthquake and the 1926 M7.8 Rhodes earthquakes are the largest instrumentally recorded Mediterranean earthquakes, both of which are associated with subduction zone tectonics. Between 1939 and 1999 a series of devastating M7+ strike-slip earthquakes propagated westward along the North Anatolian Fault Zone, beginning with the 1939 M7.8 Erzincan earthquake on the eastern end of the North Anatolian Fault system. The 1999 M7.6 Izmit earthquake, located on the westward end of the fault, struck one of Turkey's most densely populated and industrialized urban areas killing, more than 17,000 people. Although seismicity rates are comparatively low along the northern margin of the African continent, large destructive earthquakes have been recorded and reported from Morocco in the western Mediterranean, to the Dead Sea in the eastern Mediterranean. The 1980 M7.3 El Asnam earthquake was one of Africa's largest and most destructive earthquakes within the 20th century.

Large earthquakes throughout the Mediterranean region have also been known to produce significant and damaging tsunamis. One of the more prominent historical earthquakes within the region is the Lisbon earthquake of November 1, 1755, whose magnitude has been estimated from non-instrumental data to be about 8.0. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake is thought to have occurred within or near the Azores-Gibraltar transform fault, which defines the boundary between the African and Eurasian plates off the west coast of Morocco and Portugal. The earthquake is notable for both a large death toll of approximately 60,000 people and for generating a tsunami that swept up the Portuguese coast inundating coastal villages and Lisbon. An earthquake of approximately M8.0 near Sicily in 1693 generated a large tsunami wave that destroyed numerous towns along Sicily's east coast. The M7.2 December 28, 1908 Messina earthquake is the deadliest documented European earthquake. The combination of severe ground shaking and a local tsunami caused an estimated 60,000 to 120,000 fatalities. - USGS.



EXTREME WEATHER: Six Killed In I-0 Dust Storm In New Mexico - Seven Vehicles Involved In The Fiery Crash! [PHOTOS]

May 24, 2014 - NEW MEXICO, UNITED STATES - Six people were killed Thursday evening in a traffic accident involving several vehicles during a dust storm on Interstate 10 near Lordsburg, New Mexico State Police said.


Seven vehicles were involved in a fiery crash Thursday on Interstate 10 near the New Mexico-Arizona border.
Six people died in the crash. (Courtesy photo)

State police said the accident occurred about 5:30 p.m. in Hidalgo County about six miles from the Arizona state line.

"At this time, there are six confirmed fatalities related to this crash," said state police in a news release Thursday night.

The accident involved cars and semi-trucks during "a severe dust storm," police said.

Police said that the accident closed I-10. Late Thursday night, I-10 East remained closed but the westbound lanes had been reopened.


Seven vehicles were involved in a fiery crash Thursday on Interstate 10 near the New Mexico-Arizona border.
Six people died in the crash. (Courtesy photo)

It had not been revealed how many vehicles were involved in the accident, the number of people injured or the names of those killed.

Police said that traffic crash investigators from other parts of the state were on their way to the scene on I-10 Thursday night.

The accident occurred at the start of the travel period for the Memorial Day holiday weekend.

The National Weather Service in Tucson on Thursday afternoon had reported "dry thunderstorms" east of Tucson and issued "Blowing Dust Advisory" for Interstate 10 between Tucson west to Casa Grande, Arizona. The advisory stated that high winds and low visibility could make driving hazardous. Drivers had been advised to pull to the side when encountering blowing dust that lowered visibility.


Seven vehicles were involved in a fiery crash Thursday on Interstate 10 near the New Mexico-Arizona border.
Six people died in the crash. (Courtesy photo)

It is not uncommon for dust storms to close stretches of I-10 in the area of New Mexico-Arizona state line because blowing dust causes visibility difficult.
- El Paso Times.