Wednesday, September 25, 2013

PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 7.0 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off The Coast Of Peru - Causing Landslides, Damaging Homes And Schools, Injuring 17!

September 25, 2013 - PERU  - Authorities in Peru said they rescued a man trapped in a mine on Wednesday after a 7.0-magnitude earthquake shook the coast - causing landslides, damaging homes and schools and injuring at least 17 in rural provinces.



USGS earthquake location.


The man had suffered multiple traumatic injuries and was being treated, said a preliminary report published online late on Wednesday by Peru's civil defense institute.

The report mentioned no deaths resulting from the quake, which the U.S. Geological Society said was a magnitude 7.0.

Earlier on Wednesday local officials said three people died after collapses occurred in make-shift mines, which operate largely outside of the law. Those deaths were not confirmed.

At least seven people were injured at various small mining sites in Peru's southern region, the civil defense report said.

The quake, which struck near Peru's southern coast a few minutes before midday on Wednesday, damaged at least 70 homes and schools, the report said.



USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.


"Houses have fallen. Walls have fallen, especially those made out of adobe," Caraveli Mayor Santiago Neyra told RPP radio.

Monitoring of damage and injuries in the region was ongoing late Wednesday night.

Large-scale mining operations in the region - at Southern Copper's Toquepala mine, Freeport-McMoRan's Cerro Verde mine, and Shougang Hierro Peru's iron-ore mine - carried on as usual after the quake, union leaders and a company representative told Reuters.

The quake struck 29 miles deep in the Pacific Ocean, 29 miles south of the district of Acari in the southern Arequipa region, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

Peruvian authorities did not issue any tsunami alerts.

The quake shook buildings in the capital of Lima 313 miles away.

Onemi, Chile's national emergency service, said the quake was also felt in northern Chile, but no damage was reported. - Reuters.



Tectonic Summary.
The Peru earthquake of September 25, 2013, occurred as thrust-faulting on or near the thrust-interface at the boundary between the South America plate and the subducting Nazca plate.  The Nazca plate subducts beneath the South America plate at the Peru-Chile trench offshore of western South America, and the thrust interface between the two plates dips east-northeast beneath the South American continent.   At the latitude of the earthquake, the Nazca plate moves to the east-northeast with respect to the South America plate with a velocity of about 70 mm/y.

The boundary-region between the Nazca and South American plates experiences a large number of earthquakes.  The region within 250 km of the epicenter of the earthquake of September 25 had experienced seventeen previous earthquakes of magnitude 6 and larger since 1973.  The largest of these, the magnitude 8.4 earthquake of June 23, 2001, occurred along the plate boundary to the south.  It killed at least 74 people and destroyed over 17,000 homes.  The magnitude 7.7 earthquake of November 12, 1996, killed at least 14 people and left 12,000 homeless.  It occurred along the plate boundary to the north of the September 25 epicenter.


Seismotectonics of South America (Nazca Plate Region).
The South American arc extends over 7,000 km, from the Chilean margin triple junction offshore of southern Chile to its intersection with the Panama fracture zone, offshore of the southern coast of Panama in Central America. It marks the plate boundary between the subducting Nazca plate and the South America plate, where the oceanic crust and lithosphere of the Nazca plate begin their descent into the mantle beneath South America. The convergence associated with this subduction process is responsible for the uplift of the Andes Mountains, and for the active volcanic chain present along much of this deformation front. Relative to a fixed South America plate, the Nazca plate moves slightly north of eastwards at a rate varying from approximately 80 mm/yr in the south to approximately 65 mm/yr in the north. Although the rate of subduction varies little along the entire arc, there are complex changes in the geologic processes along the subduction zone that dramatically influence volcanic activity, crustal deformation, earthquake generation and occurrence all along the western edge of South America.

Most of the large earthquakes in South America are constrained to shallow depths of 0 to 70 km resulting from both crustal and interplate deformation. Crustal earthquakes result from deformation and mountain building in the overriding South America plate and generate earthquakes as deep as approximately 50 km. Interplate earthquakes occur due to slip along the dipping interface between the Nazca and the South American plates. Interplate earthquakes in this region are frequent and often large, and occur between the depths of approximately 10 and 60 km. Since 1900, numerous magnitude 8 or larger earthquakes have occurred on this subduction zone interface that were followed by devastating tsunamis, including the 1960 M9.5 earthquake in southern Chile, the largest instrumentally recorded earthquake in the world. Other notable shallow tsunami-generating earthquakes include the 1906 M8.5 earthquake near Esmeraldas, Ecuador, the 1922 M8.5 earthquake near Coquimbo, Chile, the 2001 M8.4 Arequipa, Peru earthquake, the 2007 M8.0 earthquake near Pisco, Peru, and the 2010 M8.8 Maule, Chile earthquake located just north of the 1960 event.


USGS plate tectonics for the region.



Large intermediate-depth earthquakes (those occurring between depths of approximately 70 and 300 km) are relatively limited in size and spatial extent in South America, and occur within the Nazca plate as a result of internal deformation within the subducting plate. These earthquakes generally cluster beneath northern Chile and southwestern Bolivia, and to a lesser extent beneath northern Peru and southern Ecuador, with depths between 110 and 130 km. Most of these earthquakes occur adjacent to the bend in the coastline between Peru and Chile. The most recent large intermediate-depth earthquake in this region was the 2005 M7.8 Tarapaca, Chile earthquake.

Earthquakes can also be generated to depths greater than 600 km as a result of continued internal deformation of the subducting Nazca plate. Deep-focus earthquakes in South America are not observed from a depth range of approximately 300 to 500 km. Instead, deep earthquakes in this region occur at depths of 500 to 650 km and are concentrated into two zones: one that runs beneath the Peru-Brazil border and another that extends from central Bolivia to central Argentina. These earthquakes generally do not exhibit large magnitudes. An exception to this was the 1994 Bolivian earthquake in northwestern Bolivia. This M8.2 earthquake occurred at a depth of 631 km, making it the largest deep-focus earthquake instrumentally recorded, and was felt widely throughout South and North America.

Subduction of the Nazca plate is geometrically complex and impacts the geology and seismicity of the western edge of South America. The intermediate-depth regions of the subducting Nazca plate can be segmented into five sections based on their angle of subduction beneath the South America plate. Three segments are characterized by steeply dipping subduction; the other two by near-horizontal subduction. The Nazca plate beneath northern Ecuador, southern Peru to northern Chile, and southern Chile descend into the mantle at angles of 25° to 30°. In contrast, the slab beneath southern Ecuador to central Peru, and under central Chile, is subducting at a shallow angle of approximately 10° or less. In these regions of “flat-slab” subduction, the Nazca plate moves horizontally for several hundred kilometers before continuing its descent into the mantle, and is shadowed by an extended zone of crustal seismicity in the overlying South America plate. Although the South America plate exhibits a chain of active volcanism resulting from the subduction and partial melting of the Nazca oceanic lithosphere along most of the arc, these regions of inferred shallow subduction correlate with an absence of volcanic activity. - USGS.



DELUGE: Deadly Floods In Asia - Landslides, Floods Kill At Least 19 In Northern Philippines; And Floods Claim 45 Lives In Thailand And Vietnam!

September 25, 2013 - ASIA  - Heavy monsoon rains have left at least 19 people dead, most of them children, in the northern Philippines, state media reported.

Landslides, Floods Kill At Least 19 In Northern Philippines.
A pedicab driver wades through a flooded street in Manila on Monday.

Four other people are still reported to be missing, and many towns are flooded.

Most of the people were killed by landslides set off by the rain in the province of Zambales on Luzon, the largest island in the archipelagic nation, the government-run Philippines News Agency (PNA) said, citing the regional disaster management council.

The landslides killed 16 people in the town of Subic, the council said. At least 10 of the victims were aged 12 or younger.

An 84-year-old man died of hypothermia in nearby Castillejos, PNA reported, and two people drowned in the neighboring province of Bataan.

A landslide engulfed a house in San Marcelino, Zambales, on Sunday night and four of its inhabitants, including three young children, remain missing, authorities said.

Monsoon rains cause flooding and deaths in the Philippines each year.

The disaster management council said that as of Tuesday morning, parts of Zambales, Bataan and two other provinces, Pampanga and Bulacan, are still under as much of four feet (1.2 meters) of water.

More than 11,000 people have been displaced by the effects of the monsoon rains, the national disaster management council said. - CNN.



Floods Claim 45 Lives In Thailand And Vietnam.
Residents sit on a boat as a man pulls it through a flooded street at Srimahaphot district in Prachin
Buri province, east of Bangkok yesterday.

Floods triggered by heavy rains claimed at least nine lives in Thailand this month and affected up to 1.5mn people, officials said yesterday.

Flooding was reported in 23 of the kingdom’s 77 provinces, the Disaster Prevention and Relief Department said.

Nine people have drowned over the past week in the north-eastern provinces of Surin and Sisakhet, it said.
The meteorological department has forecast heavy rains for the remainder of the month, especially in the northern provinces.

“The overall picture in the north-east has improved,” said Deputy Prime Minister Plodprasop Suraswadi, who is in charge of water management.

He warned people living on the banks of the Chao Phraya River to expect some flooding as authorities were pumping water into the main waterway to reduce flooding in the central plains.

Authorities said the country is not in danger of being inundated by another massive flood, similar to the 2011 disaster.

Much of the central plains and parts of Bangkok were flooded two years ago, forcing six large industrial estates and hundreds of factories to close for several months.

The 2011 floods left 813 dead and caused an estimated 1.4tn baht ($45.2bn) in damages, according to World Bank estimates.

Heavy monsoon rains exacerbated by Typhoon Usagi have pounded parts of Vietnam and Cambodia killing at least 36 people, authorities said yesterday, with many swept to their deaths in floods. Despite not being directly hit by Usagi—the world’s most powerful storm this year—parts of Southeast Asia have seen a worsening of their annual rainy season as the typhoon barrelled through the Philippines and China in recent days.

Central and southern Vietnam have been hit by bad weather since early last week, inundating fields and villages, with 24 dead and six missing, according to a 10-day update from the country’s flood and storm control department.

In Cambodia, officials said low pressure from the typhoon caused heavy rains, swelling the Mekong river with floods sweeping across several provinces.

At least 12 people, including six children under six years old, have died in the deluge, said Keo Vy of the National Disaster Management Committee.

Typhoon Usagi killed at least two people in the Philippines and some 25 people in southern China as it swept across the region over the weekend. Strong winds and torrential rain lashed the Chinese coast after making landfall in Guangdong province northeast of Hong Kong on Sunday evening. As the typhoon bore down on Hong Kong, operators shut down one of the world’s busiest sea ports and nearly 450 flights were either cancelled or delayed on Sunday.

At least 18 further deaths have been reported in the Philippines in monsoon rains worsened by the typhoon, which also unleashed landslides and power outages across southern Taiwan at the weekend as it ploughed through the Luzon Strait with ferocious winds and heavy downpours. - Gulf Times.




RATTLE & HUM: Sheriff's Office Can't Confirm If Meteor Was The Source Of Loud Noise Over Campbell County, Kentucky?!

September 25, 2013 - UNITED STATES  - If you heard a loud thunder-like noise a little after 9:00 p.m. Monday, you are not the only one. Campbell County Under Sheriff Scott Matheny said his office fielded some calls inquiring about the sound.




"Campbell County Sheriff's Department received several reports from residents in southern Campbell County of a loud noise that was somewhat like thunder but only longer in duration.

Some reported seeing a bright flash along with that We checked with the National Weather Service, we thought it might be a possible meteorite or even an earthquake, but they wouldn't release any information until they were done investigating."




Gillette residents in the Westover Subdivision and Lakeland Hills area also heard the yet unidentified sound.- Basin Radio Network.




INFRASTRUCTURE & SOCIETAL COLLAPSE: Greece Is Rocked By Night Of Riots - After Anti-Fascist Rapper Was Stabbed To Death By Member Of Far-Right Group Golden Dawn!

September 25, 2013 - GREECE - Violent clashes broke out in several Greek cities last night after an anti-fascist activist and musician was stabbed to death by a man claiming to be a member of far-right Golden Dawn party.


Flame: A man lights a flare in Kerastsini - the place of Fyssas' death.

Action: Demonstrators in six cities across Greece took to the streets yesterday evening to protest against
the death of anti-fascist musician Pavlos Fyssas on Wednesday.

Pavlos Fyssas, 34, a hip-hop singer whose stage name was Killah P, died in a state hospital in the early hours of Wednesday morning after being stabbed twice outside a cafe in the Keratsini area west of Athens.

Yesterday, a 45-year-old man was arrested at the scene. He admitted attacking Fyssas and said he belonged to Golden Dawn. A knife with traces of blood was found near his car.

Golden Dawn leader Nicholas Michaloliakos says the group had nothing to do with the attack.

Clashes broke out on Wednesday evening in Keratsini and five other cities between riot police and thousands of protesters holding anti-fascist demonstrations in Fyssas' memory.

In Keratsini, violence broke out near the scene of the stabbing, with hundreds of protesters attacking a nearby police station.


Fight: Protestors took action in memory of the musician, who was killed by a man claiming to be
a member of extremist group Golden Dawn.

Riot: A protestor raises his fist in front of two burning bins in Athens.

The confrontation lasted more than two hours, with riot police using tear gas to repel youths, who set fire to trash bins and smashed up sidewalks with hammers to throw rocks at police.

The clashes left a busy suburban road strewn with rocks and smoldering trash for several hundred meters.

Traffic outside the busy port of Piraeus was disrupted as police cordoned off streets to stop protesters from reaching the area.

Similar scenes played out in Thessaloniki, Greece's second-largest city, where about 6,000 demonstrators marched.


WATCH: Greek police detain protesters during clashes over stabbing.




Greek media also reported violent clashes in the western city of Patras, the northeastern city of Xanthi, the central city of Larissa and in Chania on the southern island of Crete.

Authorities said at least 75 people were detained - 41  in Keratsini and 36 in Thessaloniki.

Earlier, friends of the victim and residents left flowers and candles at the spot of the attack, where blood still stained the sidewalk.

The head of a small right-wing opposition party, Panos Kamenos of the Independent Greeks, was briefly assaulted by protesters when he attempted to visit the site.

Deputy Prime Minister Evangelos Venizelos, whose Socialist party is part of the coalition government, said Golden Dawn had 'violence as its priority and must be dealt with as a criminal organization.'

Hannes Swoboda, president of the Socialists and Democrats Group in the European Parliament, urged Greek authorities to examine banning the party altogether.

He said: 'Golden Dawn's openly xenophobic, neo-Nazi hatred even goes as far as murdering political opponents. This is shocking and intolerable by any standards, and more so in a European Union country.'


Violence: A demonstrator runs away from tear gas used against protestors on the streets of the Greek capital.

Clash: Anti-fascist protesters run through the streets of Thessaloniki, northern Greece.

Force: A group of police in full riot gear remove a burning bin from one area of disturbance.

The rights group Amnesty International called on authorities to prevent any further incidents.

Jezerca Tigani, Amnesty's deputy Europe and Central Asia program director said: 'Politically motivated violence of this kind is unacceptable anywhere, and history has shown the grim consequences if it goes unchecked.

'The Greek authorities must send a clear message that attacks like this will not be tolerated.'

The suspect, who was not named in accordance with Greek law, appeared before a prosecutor Wednesday evening along with his wife, who was also  arrested on suspicion of concealing evidence.

Another couple also appeared in court on similar charges. Five prosecutors have been assigned to the case.

 Golden Dawn, whose senior members have expressed admiration for Adolf Hitler although they deny being neo-Nazi, won nearly 7 percent of the vote in 2012 general elections. Recent opinion polls show its support has since risen to around 12 percent.

Party members and supporters, often clearly identifiable in black T-shirts and combat pants, have been suspected of beatings and stabbings across the country, usually of dark-skinned migrants.

In January, two men identified as party sympathizers were arrested for the fatal stabbing of a Pakistani migrant worker.

Golden Dawn has been blamed for numerous violent attacks in the past. However, the stabbing of the young musician is the most serious violence so far, and the first directly attributed to a member.


Stand guard: Officers holding shields patrol outside a police station.

Fire: A protester stands in front of a burning barricade in Keratsini.

Authority: Riot police stand guard in front of the Bank of Greece in Thessaloniki.

Public Order Minister Nikos Dendias said: 'I am shaken by the event. [the attacks] show in the clearest possible way the intentions of the neo-Nazi creation.'

Michaloliakos, the Golden Dawn head, said his party 'unreservedly condemns the murder of the 34-year-old at Keratsini and denies any involvement of the party.'

He added: 'All the political parties must assume their responsibilities and not create a climate of civil war, giving a political character to a tragic event.'

Police spokesman Christos Parthenis said the suspect drove to the scene of an altercation between two groups of people, got out of the car and stabbed Fyssas.

Friends of the victim told Greek media they had been attacked by a large group of men as they left the cafe.

Golden Dawn lawmaker Michalis Avranitis offered a different version of events, saying the victim and the suspect had initially argued about a soccer match.

Avranitis said in Parliament: 'Yes, this man, as it turns out, has declared himself to be a member of Golden Dawn. But Golden Dawn has 1 million supporters.

'If, in a restaurant, two drunken idiots have a fight and someone is stabbed, should we look at their ideology and blame that'. - Daily Mail.




MASS FISH DIE-OFF: Large Amount Of Dead Fish Found Floating In A River In Dongying, China?!

September 25, 2013 - CHINA - Dazhong Dongying Forum User "KMT spies' posts, said," shocking! Dongying large number of dead fish Kwong Lee River! "And send multiple photos of dead fish. Reporters rushed to Kwong Lee Road and west sections found in Zibo, friends said the situation does exist. Dongying City Environmental Protection Bureau staff said, has not received a report on this case, within three days in order to give the reasons of dead fish.




Post said: "The way to work this morning Kwong Lee River (Zibo West Road and Road intersection) reproduction number of dead fish found in the river! Known as the mother river of Dongying Kwong Lee River, more than once a large number of dead fish! Couple of days ago, there are many in which they catch and fishing, overnight last night turned into a fish's grave!! dead fish scooped some people intend to feed the dog, but the study was not fed for a long time stunned! (obviously severe pollution, the dogs will eat accident!) This is our city's mother river of oil? tolerate a carp are the mother? officer can leave, you can ignore the stranger, but we Dongying themselves regardless of their own people The family do? original homeland fish are turned into the grave, then we will become our mother river of what? "friends still post upload multiple pictures, pictures of large fish death scene very shocking.



23, the reporter went to the Kwong Lee Road and West River Zibo found two sections, the river is indeed dead fish into pieces. Reporters standing on the shore, can clearly see the entire river of dead fish are floating layer of silver, migrating shore fish more piles, an odor drift through the air, a little fishy . An unnamed woman is with a net for fish, she told reporters two days ago, there is also every day fishing. "I never thought this morning, so in the morning and some people fishing for fish to sell to get the morning, do not know which fish there is not toxic." The lady said that he wanted to fishing some fish home dogs. "But I looked over and later a little worried, do not know the dog will not eat after poisoning."




Reporters visited the nearby residents know, this Kwong Lee River almost every year this happens. "Almost every year a large dead fish will happen this season the situation in previous years day will be a good time flying seagulls eat." Lived nearby Lee told reporters that in recent years there are a lot of people have talked to the EPA, but has not been properly addressed. "There are a lot of people say, some small plants will take advantage of rain water into the sewage Guang Li river, under a shower last night, there may have been some small sewage plant to take advantage of the rain, and all the fish poisoned. "

Dongying City 12369 EPA staff told reporters that at present has not received the dead fish on the river situation Kwong Lee reports, "After receiving the report we will immediately notify law enforcement officials investigation, three days after the answer is given." - Shuichan. [Translated]




GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Pakistan's Mega-Earthquake Creates New Island - "Mud Volcano" To Blame?!

September 25, 2013 - PAKISTAN - Mud houses in the mountains crumbled as a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook western Pakistan early on Tuesday. Meanwhile, on the coast, residents of Gwadar saw a solitary island rise from the sea.


An island emerged off Gwadar coast after a powerful earthquake of 7.7 magnitude struck Pakistan on
Tuesday. Seismologists believe the formation is a 'mud volcano.' Noor Moshin for NBC News


Older residents of the coastal town said the land emergence was déjà vu — an earthquake in 1968 produced an island that stayed for one year and then vanished, Ali Mohammad, 60, and Azeem Baloch, 57, told NBC News.

Seismologists suspect the island is a temporary formation resulting from a "mud volcano," a jet of mud, sand and water that gushed to the surface as the temblor churned and pressurized that slurry under the ocean floor.

"Sandy layers underground are shaken, and sand grains jiggle and become more compact," John Armbruster, a seismologist at the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University told NBC News. The shifting sand layers are compacted and pressurize the water, which gushed upwards, carrying mud and sand along with it.

This "liquefaction" of sand and mud layers take place after any earthquake, but these sudden islands are usually spotted after strong earthquakes, at least 7- or 8-magnitude events. The distance of the island from the epicenter of the quake is "a little bit surprising," Armbruster said, granted that "the sediments are quite soft and susceptible to this."

Back in the 1940s, a sizable island rose from the sea in the area, but it didn't last long. After an earthquake near Karachi struck, the British Indian Geological survey recorded a new island "big enough that people could land a boat and walk on it," Armbruster said. "Within days, weeks" — he wasn't sure how long — "it washed away."

Researchers at the United States Geological Survey are investigating the new formation, Paul Earle, a USGS geophysicist told NBC News, but have yet to get independent confirmation of it.

It is clear that "the islands are not created because the ground was ... pushed up by the earthquake," he said, but more likely it was a secondary effect of shifting sediments. He also agrees the formation appears to have been caused by a mud volcano, but added that they don't need an earthquake to set them off. There are "mud volcanoes in Yellowstone that have not been triggered by earthquakes," he said.

While mud volcanoes are typical of watery, loose sediments layers off the coast of Baluchistan, more substantial instant islands — or "land uprisings" — do suddenly appear in other parts of the world, Stephan Graham, a geologist at Stanford University told NBC News.

They're typically seen along fault lines where one tectonic plate slides under another, like the hungry subduction zone under New Zealand. Fault lines like the San Andreas, at which the Pacific Plate and the North American plates slide past each other sideways, are less likely to see such upcrops, Graham said.

It also takes a pretty sizable earthquake to push up an entirely new land feature. "You wouldn't expect to see it in a 3- or 4-magnitude [quake]," Graham said, it would take a stronger temblor of 7 or 8 magnitude to change the landscape. - NBC News.



MASS BIRD DIE-OFF: War On Mother Nature - Over 600 Wild Birds Found Dead From Poison In Corn Crop Fields In Capinota, Bolivia!

September 25, 2013 - BOLIVIA - Over 600 wild birds such as the goldfinch gilding, and thrush junkuta died poisoned in Villa Nueva, Capinota. The head of the Secretariat of the Interior Earth Mother, Tatiana Sanabria said a farmer arrocillo mixed with rat poison in their corn and potato crops in an effort to protect them from birds.


Some of the birds poisoned. - Guest Journalist Government Cochabamba

"It's the first time that there was an extermination so great," said Jose Balderrama ornithologist.

The death of more than 600 birds in Capinota poisoning has mobilized the Interior, who initiated legal action. The coach of the Interior, Rolando Perez, who performed the inspection to the town of Villa Nueva, said that the consequences for the local population of these animals is serious, because it is affected by at least 15 percent of the birds wild in the region. "At every step there were three dead birds," he said.

For the version of the witnesses, the incident occurred on Thursday when the farmer sprayed their crops with corn husk arrocillo and poisoned, which were eaten by birds, who died instantly. In this way, the farmer planned to protect his crop of at least one hectare of potatoes, beans and radish.

The birds, which according Tatiana Sanabria are an indicator of environmental quality, were killed in the same plant crops other in puddles of water and nearby land.

"While this affected agricultural crops, the method used is totally against the law. This constitutes a crime, "said Sanabria. Therefore, the Government, through the Ministry of Mother Earth, was established in complainant and submitted technical and legal reports to the Public Ministry to punish the guilty of extermination.

According to the Wildlife Act, National Parks and Game, in article 99, paragraph M, "trapping and using poisons or gases, smoke or other asphyxiating" is prohibited, so that the person responsible could be charged of acting "against the national economy" and sentenced to six years in prison.

According to the technicians of the Ministry of Mother Earth who inspected the area, Quillacollo complaint Township, poisoning affected at least six species of birds and have not ruled the death of others because a lot of them were buried and others may move to other sectors.

In response, environmental instance shall all species killed at the Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS) for ID in addition to the poison found in the area to determine their origin. Sanabria said the fact the first of its kind, but according to testimony from community members, the suspect had already poisoned a number of chickens before.

The impact of local extermination

According to biologist with the Center for Biodiversity and Genetics (CBG) of the Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS), Jose Balderrama, poisoned birds: Goldfinch Dorado, Junk'uta and Thrush are local species that contribute to seed dispersal and help to improve soil quality.

He added that the poisoning of birds constitutes the first large-scale local why these playback affected.

"600 birds do not affect all people in Bolivia, but locally, because these species are migratory and are not confined to the town or village where they live. The species will decline, but, locally, "he said.

Similarly, observed that there are four varieties of thrush, and to be "the Bolivian thrush", the impact would be greater since this variety only exists in the country and this is a threat to the species. - Los Tiempos. [Translated]





GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For September 24, 2013 - Updates On Klyuchevskoy, Etna, Batu Tara, Fuego, Dukono, Sinabung, Lokon-Empung, Kilauea, Veniaminof, Popocatépetl, Sakurajima, Santiaguito, Pacaya And Reventador!

September 25, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe, courtesy of  Volcano Discovery.


Klyuchevskoy volcano with glow from the active lava flow.

Klyuchevskoy (Kamchatka): Strombolian activity, strong degassing, and the effusion of a lava flow on the upper flank continue.

WATCH: The following video shows this activity over the past day:





Etna (Sicily, Italy): Weak strombolian activity and ash emissions continue from the New SE crater. Tremor amplitude continues to rise very slowly.


Ash emission from Etna's New SE crater.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): Eruptions that produce relatively large ash plumes spotted on satellite imagery, and typically rising to 7-8,000 ft (2.1-2.4 km) altitude, have been occurring daily over the past days.


Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): No more eruptions have taken place during the past days.Authorities allowed about 6,000 of the more than 10,000 reported evacuees to return to their homes.


Dukono (Halmahera): Activity (strombolian to vulcanian explosions from the crater) is currently at relatively high levels. An ash plume rose to 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude yesterday, and a weak SO2 plume can be detected on satellite data.


Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): No more explosions have occurred and degassing also has been much reduced recently. While the latest eruptive phase seems to be thus over, it is only a matter of time when the next one will occur.


Kilauea (Hawai'i): Lava effusion through the tube system of the Peace Day flow continues. Due to blocking of the former tube, new breakouts of surface flows are currently found and accessible on the upper pali in the Royal Gardens area at about 16000 ft elevation (about 3-4 hours one way hike).


Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): The Alaska Volcano Observatory recently lowered the alert status from Orange/Watch to Yellow/Advisory. Although some weak tremor continues to be recorded under the caldera, no more eruptive activity seems to have taken place during the past weeks. The lava flows and the new cinder cone that was built inside the caldera are now cooling.


Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): No significant changes in activity have occurred. The number of small emissions has sunken to less than one per hour average.


Ash emission from Popocatépetl.

The largest during the past 24 hours occurred this morning producing an ash plume rising 1.5 km above the crater.


Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): Activity remains at high levels with near-constant ash venting and frequent and often large vulcanian explosions (ash plumes rising to 10,000 ft / 3 km altitude and more).


Eruption plume from Sakurajima.

WATCH: Today's activity seen from the south:





Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): After the violent explosion and partial dome collapse 3 days ago, the lava dome has returned to its typical comparably low activity.


View of Santiaguito with a small explosion.


Two explosions of moderate size were observed this morning at 5:47 and 6:00 am local time, with ash plumes rising about 500 m. Ash fall occurred in the area of Monte Claro.


Pacaya (Guatemala): INSIVUMEH reports continuing strombolian activity with explosions at intervals of 30 seconds to 3 minutes. Glowing bombs are thrown to heights of 50-100 m above the rim of the crater.


Fuego (Guatemala): A new lava flow has appeared during the past days and is currently flowing from the summit crater towards the Trinidad canyon (SE side) with a length of 300 m this morning. Weak glowing avalanches detach from its front.


The new lava flow on Fuego volcano.

Explosive activity in turn has weakened and consisted of strombolian eruptions with ash plumes of 2-400 m height and incandescent material being ejected to about 100 m above the crater.


Reventador (Ecuador): Activity (as far as could be observed) has been a bit calmer with less frequent explosions during the past days, but essentially remains unchanged. Seismic activity is at moderate to high levels and a thermal hot spot is visible at the summit.


Steam emission (with ash?) from Reventador.



Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for September 24, 2013.

- Volcano Discovery.