Sunday, December 4, 2011

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Volcanism and Seismic Tremors in Indonesia - Mount Gamalama in Maluku Erupts, Succession of Moderate Earthquakes and Several Houses Buried Under a Collapsed Wall!

There seems to be some form of geological upheaval occurring in Indonesia, as a series of seemingly disconnected events could be pointing towards an imminent and large seismic disturbance.

The first event, was the eruption of Mount Gamalama in Indonesia's North Maluku province, releasing volcanic ashes.

There is no death or material loss due to the eruption. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, head of the Center of Data, Information and Public Relation at the National Agency of Disaster Management (BNPB), said in a statement that people living around the foot of the volcano have took refuge to safer places. However, some of them chose to stay at their houses. "The Regional Agency of Disaster Mitigation (BPBD) of North Maluku province keeps coordinating with related institutions for emergency handling. It keeps monitoring and recording (the situation)," said Nugroho. Some parts of the provincial capital city of Ternate were covered by ash rain and blackout was occurred at the foot of the volcano. People were urged to stay calm. Yes it erupted but we asked people to stay calm," Surono, head of the Center of Vulcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation ( PVMBG) told the country's largest news portal detikcom. - CRI English.

Then, a sequence of moderate tremors, a magnitude 5.1 near the North Coast of Papua,  at a depth of 35 km (21.7 miles) with an epicentre at 75 km (46 miles) northeast of Sorong, Papua; a magnitude 4.7 at the Sumbawa Region, at a depth of 186.2 km (115.7 miles), with an epicentre at 136 km (84 miles) northwest of Bima, Sumbawa; a magnitude 4.9 off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra, at a depth of 35.1 km (21.8 miles), with an epicentre at 393 km (244 miles) west of Sibolga, Sumatra; a magnitude 4.6 at Papua, at a depth of 40.9 km (25.4 miles), with an epicentre at 76 km (48 miles) north of Tanahmerah, Irian, Jaya; a magnitude 5.4 at Papua, Indonesia at a depth of 41.6 km (25.9 miles), with an epicentre at 76 km (48 miles) north of Tanahmerah, Irian, Jaya.


During this time, a wall collapse in central Indonesia, killing 11 people and destroying several houses.

Police say 11 people were killed when a high concrete wall collapsed in a housing complex on central Indonesia’s Sulawesi island. South Sulawesi police chief Maj. Gen. Johny Waenal Usman says the 23-foot-high (7-meter-high) wall collapsed and buried several houses Sunday in a housing estate in Makassar, the largest city on Sulawesi. Usman says rescuers found 11 bodies, including a 7-year-old boy, buried under debris. Eight injured people were taken to hospitals, many with cuts, broken bones and head wounds. Police are investigating the cause of the incident, which occurred during a heavy downpour. Last week, a busy bridge collapsed on central Indonesia’s Borneo island, leaving at least 21 people dead and scores missing and feared dead. - Salon.

WORLD WAR III: Countdown to a Monumental Middle East Conflict - Iran Threatens Wider Response After Shooting Down US Spy Drone!

According to a military source at Iran's state television, the response to the downed United States spy drone's violation of its airspace, will be met with wide and imminent response. "The Iranian military's response to the American spy drone's violation of our airspace will not be limited to Iran's borders any more," Iran's Arabic language Al Alam television quoted the military source as saying, without giving details.

Iran's military said it shot down a US Army drone inside its territory near the Afghan and Pakistani borders on Sunday, and threatened to retaliate for the violation, Iranian media reported. The Al-Alam Arabic language satellite channel, quoting a military source in Iran's joint chiefs of staff, said late Sunday the RQ-170 unmanned aerial vehicle was shot down "a few hours ago." The Fars news agency, which has close ties to the Revolutionary Guards responsible for Iran's air defence and ballistic missile systems, said the drone had made an incursion into Iran's eastern airspace. "Our air defence and electronic warfare units managed to identify and shoot down an advanced unmanned spy aircraft -- an RQ-170 -- after it briefly violated the eastern border territory," Fars said, quoting an unnamed military source. The drone "was downed with slight damage. It is now under the control of our forces," the source added. The source warned that Iran's armed response would "not be limited to our country's borders" for the "blatant territorial violation." - AFP.
"Iran's military has downed an intruding RQ-170 American drone in eastern Iran," Iran's Arabic-language Al Alam state television network quoted an unnamed military source as saying. A report on English-language Press TV said the drone was "downed with minimum damage" and seized by Iranian officials. The RQ-170 Sentinel is an unmanned stealth aircraft used for reconnaissance. It is not designed to carry weapons. The semi-official Fars news agency, which is believed to be close to the Revolutionary Guard military force, said Iran would respond to the violation of its airspace with actions beyond its own borders. There was no immediate comment on the claims from the US military. The reports came amid worsening relations between the West and Iran over its nuclear programme after the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) issued a report it said showed Iran had worked on designing an atomic bomb. Iran has insisted its nuclear ambitions are entirely peaceful, but prompted the US and European Union to agree tighter sanctions on Iranian companies and individuals. Earlier on Sunday, Iran's foreign ministry warned that any move to extend those sanctions to block oil exports would double the price of crude. "As soon as such an issue is raised seriously the oil price would soar to above $250 a barrel," foreign ministry spokesman Ramin Mehmanparast was quoted as saying. - Sky News.

WATCH: Iran claims to shoot down US drone.

BILLY MEIER: UFOs, Extraterrestrials & Prophecies from Outer Space - The Silent Revolution of Truth!

In the following video from UFOTV Studies, Michael Horn presents a most comprehensive and insightful look into the life, purported claims of extraterrestrial contact, and prophecies of Billy Meier, the legendary Swiss man who claims to have met humanoid Nordic aliens from an area beyond the Pleiades, called Plejaren. As Meier's authorized American media representative, Horn's visual presentation captures the mystery of one of the most fascinating stories in human history of the last 60 years; with captivating photographs, videos and eye-witness accounts. A welcomed documentary that challenges our belief system and understanding of our own branch of knowledge and the systematic and orchestrated narrative of history.

Now presenting the most controversial UFO / ET case in history. The truth is exposed in this remarkable film about how one man's meetings with extraterrestrials lead him through dozens of countries, meeting many famous world leaders including Saddam Hussein and later revealing ancient prophecies that would eventually come true. In 1958 he predicted the Iraq Wars, Global Warming and even the AIDS epidemic. You will be captivated by how "Billy" Eduard Albert Meier became known in his early years as "The Phantom," (a real life combination of Indian Jones, Han Solo and Larwence of Arabia), who carried a 44 Magnum and apprehended serial killers and mass murderers. Meier's life story is an enigmatic journey that ultimately culminates with him becoming the messenger for an advanced race of ET beings know as the Plejaran. Their message is clear: earth is in trouble, the people have been asleep, and we must make drastic changes or there will be devastating consequences for all of mankind. In his later years Meier stumped hundreds of skeptics with his clear UFO photographs, film footage and sound recordings of Plejaran "Beam Ships," all taken and recorded in broad daylight. Exotic metal samples he received from the extraterrestrials according to scientists, remain to this day, irreproducible. So decide for yourself if it's all a hoax, and if so, then ask yourself, why has Meier been the target of 21 assassination attempts? Could it be that the message that humanity so desperately needs to hear is not welcome by many of our world leaders? Discover why this, the most controversial UFO case in history has endured and remained alive in the face of intense skepticism for over 50 years. - UFOTV.

WATCH: UFOs & Prophecies from Outer Space - The Billy Meier Case.


“The Billy Meier contacts are either the biggest, most impenetrable hoax, spanning 62 years, or the most important story in all of human history. There’s really no other possibility. And if it’s ever shown to be a hoax I simply want to know how he did it, not theoretically but demonstrably. For those who are unfamiliar with the Meier case, and/or not up to date on the information in it, I recommend reading all of the articles at http://www.theyfly.com/ " - Michael Horn.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: How Climate Change Devastates Lives - Kenya's Turkana People Facing Climate Catastrophe!

In our daily deluge of news stories about the plethora of Earth changes, geological upheaval and weather anomalies; the effect of these transformations on the lives of people around the world are often lost in the stunning nature of the monumental magnitude of each event. In the following story and video accompanyment, CNN examines how climatic conditions affect the lives of the Turkana people in Kenya.

Richard Leakey has spent a lifetime exploring Kenya's Turkana Basin searching for the origins of man. Each layer of sediment, says the paleoanthropologist and founder of the Turkana  Basin Institute, helps to tell the narrative of human evolution. "You get the whole story of life represented going back from the present right back to the beginnings of an ape that has two legs as opposed to four," Leakey said. "So the whole story of humanity you can actually trace to the Turkana Basin." But Leakey says these ancient hills tell another story, a history of climactic changes that gave rise to some species and led to the extinction of others. With climate change, he says, this history could be repeated. "The future of humanity is not going to be in the sediments, it is going to be in our minds and our thinking and unfortunately what we find here is that evidence," Leakey said. "What we find here that is scientifically provable, immutable facts doesn't necessarily get absorbed for the moment by the political class who simply don't want to know the ugly truth that the world is a mess." On the shores of Lake Turkana -- the largest desert lake in the world -- they don't need to know the science of climate change.


For more than 1,000 years, fishermen have been bringing in their catch, but, in less than a generation, they have witnessed disturbing changes. "When I was young this lake was full, says Lazarao Maraka, a local fisherman. "The water just keeps going down. We used to get big fish every day, now they are tiny." Maraka has reason to worry. Sometimes it is hard to see the effects of climate change, but not at Lake Turkana. Thirty years ago the area was covered with water. Now, it is just sand and gravel. And scientists believe that in just a few decades it will be reduced to a couple of puddles. Upriver dam projects could further hasten the retreat, a potential catastrophe for the entire region that depends on the lake for food and economic survival. "I think the prospect of many of these half million people living around the lake today of having to relocate to cities and to slums and to abandon their culture, abandon their ancestral land, become paupers in their own land, I think it is very real," Leakey says.


"I think the way of life is gone...I have no doubt about that at all. I think if you came back here or my grandchildren came back in 50 years we wouldn't recognize what we are talking about today." Leakey's Turkana Basin Institute is trying to understand how climate change is affecting the Turkana. Sometimes the best thing to do is listen. The Turkana say the rains are less frequent and the droughts come more often. The unpredictable weather and vanishing pasture has decimated their herds. Climate change does affect the Turkana people, says Ikal Angelei from the Turkana Basin Institute. "With the increase of drought it has made the communities unable to adapt to the changes, because it happens so often," Angelei said. Leakey says that anyone skeptical about climate change should visit the Turkana Basin.


"Coming to a place like this, I think you actually show people what happens. These are real issues that you can see and feel and almost touch that may make people understand that we are on the edge of a precipice and we are going over," he said. "We have accelerated a process and it is based on the belief that somehow we can maintain control. I think our carbon dioxide emissions are out of control." Even with the changes around Lake Turkana, fishermen like Lazaro Maraka still try to eke out a living the only way they know how. He worries what will be left for his son Eroo if the lake continues to recede. "If there is no lake or no fish, then the people will not survive around this lake. This lake is the Turkana's life," Maraka says. This place has helped unlock humanity's past. Today, it could also be providing a window on its future. - CNN.
WATCH: Kenya's Turkana people facing climate catastrophe.

GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Canary Island Volcano - A New Island in the Making?

An undersea volcano erupting just south of Spain's Canary Islands may be the beginnings of a new island, or an extension to an existing one. For some, it's a colourful spectacle - for others a major blow to their livelihood.

"It's angry today. Look at it go!" says fisherman Elio Morales Rodriguez in the village of La Restinga, on the south coast of El Hierro island. "That green patch on the water is a dead zone," he says, looking out to sea. "It kills everything. No fishing, no dive schools, no tourists, just dead fish on the surface." For more than a month, the underwater volcano has been erupting three miles to the south of El Hierro, the smallest of the seven Canary Islands, about 50km (30 miles) south-west of its nearest neighbour, La Gomera, and 100km (60 miles) from the most populous of the islands - Tenerife. From about 60m below the sea, the so-called "submarine" volcano is spewing gases and burning lava, some of which is breaking the surface of the water. That has drawn lots of camera crews racing to the island to see what's going on, but far fewer tourists than usual. Local journalist Barbara Belt says the islanders don't know when all the fuss will die down and they will be able to get on with their lives again. In the coastal village of La Restinga, many bars, restaurants, and hotels are shut, and many of the village's residents have already left.

Scientists say the eruption is part of the long-term volcanic evolution of the Canary Islands, which may result in a new island, or add new territory to the southern coast of El Hierro. There is seismic activity to the north of the island too. "There has been an enormous amount of seismic activity around the island," says Nemesio Perez, scientific coordinator at Involcan, the Canaries Institute of Volcanology. "Off the south coast, the magma has broken through the crust. The question is whether that will also happen off the north coast too." Mr Perez studied volcanology in Japan and the United States before returning to his native Canary Islands in 1997 to help improve the archipelago's volcano monitoring network. In the past four months, the network has detected more than 11,000 tremors across El Hierro island, one of which measured four-point-six on the Richter scale, and was strong enough to be felt on La Gomera and Tenerife. One resident of El Hierro said it was like an "energy jolt", while another described the noise as "a deep roar". Most of the tremors on El Hierro have gone unnoticed by the 10,000 residents, but a number have been powerful enough to make some a little nervous.
"Islanders have had suitcases ready by the door, with a change of clothes, battery radio, torch, blanket and emergency rations," says Barbara Belt. On the north of the island, in an area called La Frontera, a teacher named Carmen says she's using games to encourage children at her infant school to follow emergency procedures. "When I blow a whistle, they scramble to get under the tables as fast as they can. We sing songs until the all-clear, then line up holding a rope to go outside," she adds. "Islanders are told to stay inside during tremors," says Barbara Belt. "When calm returns, they move outside to prearranged meeting points." The island got a visit from the Spanish defence minister in September. In La Caleta, a civil defence task force has arrived from the Spanish mainland and is on stand-by to help in case of emergency.

The islanders' daily lives were disturbed by the temporary closing of a vital road tunnel. There have also been evacuations from homes in potentially hazardous areas. For some, the worst of it has been the impact on the tourist trade. "The TV and papers dramatise everything," says Maximo Rodriguez, chatting in a near-empty bar in La Restinga. "It scares people off. People should come. How often do you get the chance to witness this?" he asks. On the north side of the island, in La Frontera, the owners of the Tasca La Cantina bar, Jose Antonio Padron Perez and his wife Maria Fonte Armas, say they are similarly fed up. "We get walking groups from northern Europe throughout the winter season. Everyone cancelled. But real life isn't as dramatic as the press say. We are all aware of volcanic activity. These are volcanic islands!" El Hierro has more than 500 open-sky cones, making it the most volcanic of all the Canary Islands, and this may be why so many Herrenos say they are unperturbed. Carmen says her children's paintings of volcanoes are colourful and fun, not dark and sinister. Dr Joachim Gottsmann, a volcanologist at Bristol University in the UK, who leads a European Commission-funded volcano study, says there is no obvious or impending prospect of an Iceland-style "ash cloud" developing in the Canaries. "Right now, the eruption south of El Hierro is really a submarine eruption only," he says. But he adds that this could change at any minute. - BBC.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Piparo Mud Volcano in Trinidad Awakens After 14 Years!

Residents of Piparo are living on the edge as the mud volcano that ravaged the village 14 years ago, has begun to threaten their community again.

Residents are subjected to sleepless nights as they are haunted with memories of February 22, 1997, when steaming mud crushed houses and swept away cars, livestock and all else in its path. When the Sunday Guardian visited the site off Old Piparo Road yesterday, two new mounds had surfaced, spewing mud several feet into the air at five minute intervals. At the scene was Shammarine Kissoondath, 56, who lives nearby. He said he came to see what was happening as he had been kept awake by strange sounds issuing from the volcano.

He said: “It sounded like gunshots and this morning when I awoke it was still making noise. This is the same sound it made before it erupted in 1997. It is possible that we can have a repeat and maybe this time it could be worse.” He said it only took ten minutes on that fateful day for the massive amount of mud spewing from the volcano to wreak havoc. Boyie Suratt, who lives about 300 feet from the volcano said he, too, has been sleeping restlessly since Thursday. Suratt’s home is nearest the volcano and he said while he does not believe that it will erupt any time soon, no one can predict when and how severe another eruption might be.

“I was home in my gallery around 3 am on Thursday and I heard this sound like people bursting bamboo. We usually get a little noise now and then, especially when it rains because gas is trying to escape. But now the noise has been coming frequently like it have plenty gas down there.” He explained that the rain softens the mud which causes minor explosions. However, he admits that over the past few days the noise levels had increased significantly occurring at an alarming rate. He, too, recalled the drama that unfolded in 1997, saying that a wave of mud several feet high was crumbling any house in its path. Suratt said his home was saved as another house that crumbled was able to forge a barrier in front of his. He said on February 22, 1997, he awoke to mud spewing some 200 feet into the air. - Trinidad Guardian.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: World on Track for Nearly 11-Degree Temperature Rise, Energy Expert Says!

The chief economist for the International Energy Agency said Monday that current global energy consumption levels put the Earth on a trajectory to warm by 6 degrees Celsius (10.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels by 2100, an outcome he called “a catastrophe for all of us.”


Fatih Birol spoke as as delegates from nearly 200 countries convened the opening day of annual U.N. climate talks in Durban, South Africa. international climate negotiators have pledged to keep the global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius, or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, above pre-industrial levels. The Earth has already warmed 0.8 degrees Celsius, or 1.4 Fahrenheit, so far, according to climate scientists. According to the IEA’s most recent analysis, heat-trapping emissions from the world’s energy infrastructure will lead to a 2-degree Celsius increase in the Earth’s temperature that, as more capacity is added to the system, will climb to 6 degrees Celsius of warming by 2100. Unless there is a shift away from some of the fossil fuel energy now used for electricity generation and transportation, Birol said, “the world is perfectly on track for a six-degree Celsius increase in temperature. “Everybody, even the schoolchildren, knows this is a catastrophe for all of us,” he said at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Birol spoke in unusually blunt terms about the climate implications of the global energy mix, implications that are disputed by many conservatives in the United States who don’t believe in the connection between human activity and climate change.



David Burwell, who directs the energy and climate program at the Carnegie Endowment, said Birol’s comments have “big implications for capital investment in energy,” though he noted that it will be oil executives and others in the private sector who will drive many of the key decisions. “We can try to regulate, we can try to incentivize, but ultimately, they’ve got to make the decisions, they’ve got to make the investments,” he said, adding that government officials should engage with the energy industry on this topic. “Now’s the time to have the conversation about investments.” Burwell added that while the IEA has analyzed energy use and production for years, this is the first year its officials have spoken this publicly about the need to shift gears. “They’re definitely raising the red flag, because the numbers speak for themselves,” he said. “This is the first year they’ve started stamping their foot and saying, ‘Lookit, listen to us.’ ” In an interview after his talk, Birol said he believes his agency’s analysis is having an impact in places such as China, which he said would outpace the European Union in per capita carbon emissions by 2015. He added that by 2035, China would outrank the industrialized world as the single biggest overall emitter of greenhouse gases in history. “They are one of the few countries putting an emphasis on climate change,” Birol said, noting they will experiment next year with putting a price on carbon in some regions. The U.N. talks, meanwhile, suffered a setback as Canada announced Monday that it would not agree to sign up to a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 climate pact that set emissions targets for all major industrialized nations. Canada had pledged to cut its overall greenhouse gas emissions 6 percent by 2012 compared with 1990 levels; as of 2009, its carbon output was 29.8 percent above 1990 levels. - The  Washington Post.

ANCIENT ALIENS: THE VISITORS!

The History Channel invites you to finding the source of our great past, with the ongoing DVD series Ancient Aliens - The Visitors. The following episode proposes that extraterrestrial visitations have occurred across the globe using many historical records, archaeological findings, artifacts and mythologies as evidence.

Is it possible that extraterrestrials with superior knowledge of science and engineering landed on Earth thousands of years ago, sharing their expertise with early civilizations?... Ancient alien theorists believe that thousands of years ago, extraterrestrials landed on Earth, where they were hailed as gods and helped shape human civilization. But what proof could possibly exist for such an encounter?... If ancient aliens visited Earth, who were they, and where did they come from? Possible historic evidence and beliefs are examined around the world. The Dogon people possess knowledge of a galaxy they claim was given to them by a star god named Amma. The Hopi and Zuni people celebrate Kachinas, gods from the sky, whose headdresses and costumes appear to resemble modern helmets and protective clothing. Halfway around the world, Chinese legends tell of the Han leader, Huangdi, arriving on Earth on a flying, yellow dragon. Was this dragon more likely a spacecraft? Ancient astronaut theorists believe that these are far from chance encounters and that extraterrestrials not only interacted with us, but changed the course of human history. - The History Channel.
WATCH: Ancient Aliens - The Visitors.

MONUMENTAL EARTH CHANGES: Planetary Tremors - Japan Mega-Quake Lifted Seabed 16 Stories, the Largest Ever Recorded!

Japan's devastating March 11 earthquake shifted the seabed by as much as 165 feet (50 meters) — the largest slip yet recorded, a new study says.

That's considerably larger than in previous reports, which in May put the shift at 79 feet (24 meters).  This giant movement probably caused the massive tsunami that killed more than 15,000 people and crippled the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. For the study, Toshiya Fujiwara and colleagues at the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology compared seabed maps made in 1999 and 2004 to those made only days after the March quake. Their analysis also revealed the seabed may also have risen by as much as 33 feet (10 meters). "This is a very important piece of work, in some ways that may not be obvious at all," said Chris Goldfinger, a marine geologist at Oregon State University who was not part of the study team. The earthquake was the first in a subduction zone—a place where one tectonic plate is diving under another—in which scientists have been able to look directly at movement of pieces of Earth's crust right up to the edge of the fault line.

Because subduction-zone earthquakes occur deep beneath the ocean, they are invisible from land. In the past, scientists have had to deduce seabed shifts via seismic waves emitted by an earthquake. But that requires computer modeling, and the results can be frustratingly uncertain, Goldfinger said by email. For example, the results may be specific to the model and are unable to capture the shifts at high resolution or with great accuracy. But the new research, to be published tomorrow in the journal Science, will "open up a new level" in understanding how subduction zones behave and generate tsunamis, he said. Even so, the before-and-after pictures of the seabed shift aren't perfect, Goldfinger cautioned. The Japanese team's original surveys were taken several years before the earthquake, and the "after" surveys were taken nearly two weeks later. "The displacement [of the seabed] included everything that occurred between the surveys," he said. That includes not only the devastating earthquake but its aftershocks, as well as any less destructive "creeps"—or small movements—that might have occurred before the March temblor. Still, it's a major find, he said, because few subduction zones have been mapped well enough to allow such before-and-after images to be compared at all. - National Geographic.

GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Ruaumoko, God of Earthquakes and Volcanoes - Study Predicts 6km Auckland Volcano 'Ring of Death'?!

An Auckland volcano would create a probable 6km ring of death as the "base surge" of superheated gases and ash exploded outward at ground level, a newly published study says.

Volcano Taranaki on New Zealand. Ruaumoko is a master of volcanoes and earthquakes.
And the results indicate the number of people evacuated in the 2008 volcano emergency simulation – named Ruaumoko – was "much smaller than the one suggested by a rational cost-benefit analysis". GNS chief volcanologist Gill Jolly, one of the paper's authors, said almost everyone caught in a base surge dies, for example, in the 1987 eruption of Mt Pelee on the Carribean island of Martinique, 26,000 people caught in the base surge perished and only two survived. By studying the effects of Auckland's numerous previous volcanoes and analogous volcanoes worldwide, the authors estimated that a new volcano would have a base surge with a 3km radius. Jolly, however, said "you can't rule out the possibility of it going 6 or 7km". The volcano that created Lake Pupuke on Auckland's North Shore had a blast radius of 3km, Orakei basin 1.8km and Motukorea (Browns Island) 1km. Smaller volcanoes around the world had base surges of 250m but the largest volcanoes had surges with a 5km radius. A worrying "outlier" in the data is that Rangitoto, the most recent volcano, was the biggest by far and outside the conventional volcano field.

A volcanic eruption would probably be preceded by a series of earthquakes up to magnitude 4.5 to 5 as the magma made its way to the surface, Jolly said. "The worst case scenario is hours [of notice], but probably it would be weeks. We would start to see the earthquakes get more frequent." Jolly said a big issue was "we don't know where it's going to come up". It had been thought that old volcanoes were safe from re-erupting but evidence was mounting that at least some, such as Rangitoto, had erupted at least twice. Jolly said the probability of an explosion increased on whether the explosion was "wet" or "dry". The base surge relies on the interaction between magma and water so, if the volcano vent occurred in or near the Waitemata or Manukau harbour areas, the probability of an explosion rose dramatically compared to a land-based "dry" eruption. The Ruaumoko simulation was based on an eruption in the area around the sewage treatment ponds near Mangere. The civil defence exercise showed an evacuation area into central Auckland as far as about Mt Eden, to Penrose in the east and Lynfield in the west. The new projections show the blast surge of such a volcano would require about three times the area to be evacuated – including practically the whole southern half of the Auckland isthmus out to about Titirangi and most of South Auckland. - Stuff.

WEATHER ANOMALIES: Giant Waves Wash Over Ferry in Norway!


A large wave stopped a superspeed ferry between Hirtshals and Kristiansand in Norway.

A large wave hit a superspeed ferry on Saturday afternoon and led to an engine failure en route between Hirtshals and Kristiansand in Norway, according to the newspaper Patriotic Friend. "We were simply hit by a large wave that swept cross the bridge. The wave hit a valve so that water came into the control panel, then the engine put out," says director of the Color Line, Odd Grønberg. After a few minutes, the crew managed to get the engine again, and the ferry could unassisted proceed Kristiansand albeit with reduced speed. For safety's sake was the superspeed ferry was followed by a tug, the last piece into Kristiansand. There were 350 passengers and 100 crew on board when the accident occurred shortly after 15.00 o'clock.  - BT (Translated).