It seems that mankind and planet Earth will be in for a convergence with some form of large planetary body pretty soon. Over the last couple of weeks and months, it seems that we have been hit by a deluge of information about planetary objects, either about to be exploded, lying nearby or approaching our solar system. We are told of the cosmic phenomenon of the imminent explosion of the star Betelgeuse, becoming our second Sun, as it enters its late stage of stellar evolution. We were made aware of a giant hidden planet, Tyche, about four times the size of the planet Jupiter, that exists in the outer edges of the solar system. If that was not enough, a new companion for the Earth, Asteroid 2010 SO16, was discovered co-orbiting around the Sun, pursuing the Earth for anywhere between 120,000 to a million years. We have also been told of comets like C/2010 X1 or Comet Elenin and myriad of other "dirty snowballs" making their way here as well.
Just this week, NASA detected the transit of a new 'super-Earth.'
The movement of an exoplanet twice the size of Earth and eight times the mass has been detected only 41 light years away from us using data from NASA's Spitzer satellite. Located in the Cancer constellation, this planet has been classified a 'super-Earth' because it has a mass greater than the Earth's but less than that of the Solar System's gas giants. Due to discrepancies between results from the Spitzer team's study and a separate, simultaneous study of the planet, researchers have suggested that this could indicate the presence of an atmosphere. "We can say that now for the first time we have a solid exoplanet that we can study in detail," said co-author Michaël Gillon from the University of Liège in Belgium of the paper published in Astronomy & Astrophysics. "We already know that it is very different from the planets of our own Solar System." Look up into the sky on a dark, clear night and you may be able to spot this planet's host star, 55 Cancri (55 Cnc). This binary star consists of a yellow dwarf star, like our Sun, and a smaller red dwarf star. Five planets orbit around 55 Cnc, making it one of the largest known planetary systems outside the Solar System. The super-Earth described in this study, named '55 Cnc e', is the innermost of these planets, and first discovered in 2004. "We could call this planet a 'naked Neptune', as it is very similar to Neptune except that it has no gaseous envelope of hydrogen above its ice shell", said co-author Brice-Olivier Demory from the Massachusets Institute of Technology (MIT). Although super-Earths are not uncommon - the Kepler space observatory mission recently released a list of around 300 new super-Earth candidates - 55 Cnc e is of special interest to astronomers because it is unusually small and dense, and the strong brightness of its host star makes sensitive measurements possible. - Cosmos Magazine.Speaking of Neptune, today, scientists at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, are telling us that they have found the fifth dwarf planet of the solar system, Haumea, near Neptune, and that its two satellites, Hi'iaka and Namaka, are covered in crystalline water-ice, making them shine in the darkness of space.
Haumea was discovered in 2004 but new findings from European scientists have now offered new details of the tiny planet orbiting the Sun beyond Neptune. According to the European Southern Observatory, the mini-planet is the shape of a ‘flattened rugby ball’ and 75 per cent of its surface is covered with a reflective surface of water ice. The entire surface of Hi’iaka, one of Haumea’s two satellites along with Namaka, is also covered in this icy shell. The surface of the dwarf planet and its moon is unusual as it is crystalline and possesses an ordered structure, rather than being shapeless, amorphous ice. The ESCP team believe this means Haumea has a frozen outer surface and a largely rock inner structure. ‘Since solar radiation constantly destroys the crystalline structure of ice on the surface, energy sources are required to keep it organised,’ said Benoit Carry, co-author of the study and a researcher at the ESAC Centre of the European Space Agency in Madrid. ‘The two that we have taken into consideration are that able to generate radiogenic elements (potassium-40, thorium-232 and uranium-238) from the inside, and the tidal forces between Haumea and its satellites (as seen between the Earth and the Moon)’ he told Spanish outlet SINC. - Daily Mail.So, what do we have here - super Earths, giant hidden planet, second Sun, dwarf planet or star, approaching the solar system,... Why do all of these discoveries share most of or a part of the characteristics associated with Planet X? Consider that Planet X is believed to be about 4 times the size of Jupiter. It is said to affect the observed positions of Uranus and Neptune, based on perturbations in their motions. It's perihelion is believed to be inside the orbit of Neptune. The orbital parameters of comets are believed to be influenced by Planet X. Are these stories of planets and stars pointers or memes of Planet X, the Brown Dwarf, the Death Star or Nemesis?